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Unformatted text preview: CMS 306M Fall 2009 Exam Two Review Sheet Chapter 11, Organizing a Successful Presentation What are different strategies of organizing a presentation? Which types of speeches go with each strategy and why? o Chronologically structured in terms of the orders in which they occurred, in a historical sequence. Chronological organization also may be used for presentations that explain how to do something or that describe a particular process that occurs in a definite order. This pattern is especially effective and frequently used for informative presentations. o Spatial organized by geographic location or direction. Spatial arrangements are especially well suited for informative speeches. o Topical break down the main topic into subtopics that serve as natural divisions. Each topic is equally important to the overall goal of the presentation. Informative speeches o Problem-Solution introduces a problem and then offers the listener a solution. Example speech: The importance of preventing drunk driving fatalities o Cause-Effect An action results in a reaction. Should be used only for persuasive speaking and never for informative speaking simply because you have to make an argument for or against something if you use cause-effect ordering. What are the different components of introducing and concluding a speech? o Introduction Gaining the audiences attention Specifically addresses how the topic is relevant to the audience States clear thesis or central idea Establishes the speakers personal credibility on the topic Provides a preview of the coming presentation o Conclusion It gives a summary of the main ideas Provides a sense of closure to the overall presentation Chapter 12, Supporting Your Claims What is evidence and what are its functions in a speech? o Evidence an outward sign or something that furnishes proof. Information that you gather from your research and present to an audience in your speech to support your claim. CMS 306M Fall 2009 o Functions: It can help you explore your subjects main qualities and characteristics. It can give you means to discuss your subjects purpose and significance. It can elucidate your subjects history and its influence on society It can provide you with the support needed to make a claim about your subject. What are the different types of definition statements? o Etymological This type shows how a terms meaning has developed through time, which can help you interpret if the term is used correctly, as well as differentiate it from other terms that have a similar meaning. o Categorical This type explains how a term is either similar or different from other members of its class or subclass, or put more simply, distinguishes a term from other terms from which it differs, or associates it with similar terms....
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- Fall '06