Cognition - Cognition (mental effort; thinking; brain...

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Cognition (mental effort; thinking; brain things . . .) QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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Thought (Cognition) Concepts and Categories How we think Judging, valuing, and deciding Sometimes we’re logical; sometimes not Problem solving Working it out Transforming information How we reach conclusions
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Concepts and Categories Concept fundamental to our ability to think Category-specific deficits damage to front part of left temporal lobe— difficulty identifying humans damage to lower left temporal lobe—trouble identifying animals damage where temporal and occipital lobes meet —trouble naming tools
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Brain Areas Involved in Category Specific Processing When healthy people undertake the same tasks, imaging shows the same regions of the brain are more active
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Concepts and Categories Psychologists investigate the nature of human concepts Early theories focused on rules What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for category membership? Later theories focused on “family resemblance”
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Concepts and Categories Family Resemblance Theory Features that appear to be characteristic of category members but may not be possessed by every member
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Family Resemblance What is the defining feature they all have in common?
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Family Resemblance? QuickTimeª and a
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Cognition - Cognition (mental effort; thinking; brain...

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