Consciousn_Pt2 - Alcohol CNS depressant depression of inhibitory control vasodilation warm flushed reddish skin emotional outbursts decreased

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    CNS depressant CNS depressant depression of inhibitory control depression of inhibitory control vasodilation, warm, flushed, reddish skin vasodilation, warm, flushed, reddish skin emotional outbursts emotional outbursts decreased memory & concentration decreased memory & concentration poor judgment poor judgment decreased reflexes decreased reflexes decreased sexual response decreased sexual response Alcohol
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    tremor tremor nausea nausea irritability irritability agitation agitation tachycardia tachycardia hypertension hypertension seizers seizers hallucinations hallucinations Alcohol Withdrawal Effects
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    Obvious Alcoholism, death, cancer (oral cavity, esophagus, liver), fetal effects (FAS) Alcoholism Cirrhosis of liver, appetite loss, poor judgment Subtle Lost productivity, impaired performance, motor impairment, cost to society Long Term Adverse Effects
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    FAS Child (National Geographic, George Steinmetz, Feb 1992)
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    Benzodiazepines
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    Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants  Central Nervous System (CNS) Depressants  Sedatives, Benzodiazepines, Tranquilizers Sedatives, Benzodiazepines, Tranquilizers Prescribed Indication:   Prescribed Indication:   anxiety, panic attacks,  anxiety, panic attacks,  sleep disorders and  sleep disorders and  muscle tension muscle tension Effects:  Effects:  relaxation, sleep,  relaxation, sleep,  decreased worry decreased worry Toxic  Effects:  Toxic  Effects:  memory  memory  problems, frequent  problems, frequent  falling, tolerance and  falling, tolerance and  respiratory depression,  respiratory depression,  overdose and death overdose and death Withdrawal :  Withdrawal :  seizures seizures           anxiety, insomnia and anxiety, insomnia and           confusion confusion NIDA 2008
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    Benzodiazepines triazolam ( Halcion ) alprazolam ( Xanax ) lorazepam ( Ativan ) oxazepam ( Serax ) temazepam (Restoril) chlordiazepoxide  ( Librium ) clonazepam ( Klonopin ) diazepam ( Valium ) clorazepate ( Tranxene ) halazepam ( Paxipam ) prazepam ( Centrax ) flurazepam ( Dalmane ) estzolam ( ProSom ) midazolam ( Versed )
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    Schematic representation of the gamma- aminobutyric acid (GABA A ) receptor the functional receptor consists of five proteins, or subunits most likely two α subunits, one β subunit, and two γ subunits. (Question marks indicate that the identity of these subunits has not been confirmed.) the proposed binding sites for GABA (α and β subunits), benzodiazepines (adjacent α and γ subunits), barbituates (unidentified subunit), and alcohol α, β, and γ subunits) are indicated.
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This note was uploaded on 08/24/2011 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Consciousn_Pt2 - Alcohol CNS depressant depression of inhibitory control vasodilation warm flushed reddish skin emotional outbursts decreased

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