Consciousness - Consciousness Consciousness Conscious and...

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Consciousness Consciousness Conscious and Unconscious: Conscious and Unconscious: The Mind’s Eye, Open and Closed The Mind’s Eye, Open and Closed
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Consciousness The person’s subjective experience of the world and the mind. The defining feature is experience--which can happen when you’re asleep or anesthetized
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Cartesian Theater A mental screen or stage on which things appear to be presented for viewing by your mind’s eye Rene Descartes “I think therefore I am.”
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phenomenology How things seem to the conscious person Is consciousness an extraordinary property that is only unique to humans?
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Problem of other minds The fundamental difficulty we have in perceiving the consciousness of others. What is your experience like? Is it like mine? Does a computer have a mind?
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Capacity for experience feel pain, pleasure, hunger, anger, fear Capacity for agency self-control, planning, memory, thought
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Mind/Body Problem How is mind related to brain and body Descartes Mind and body are made of different substances Mind exerts effects on brain and body via pineal gland Research suggests brain activity precedes activities of conscious mind
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The timing of conscious will Libet experiments EEG sensors timed brain activity EMG sensors timed muscle movement Time of consciously willing the finger to move follows the brain activity
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Nature of Consciousness 4 basic properties: Intentionality •Being directed toward an object Unity •Resistance to division •Dividing increases error Selectivity Capacity to include/exclude dichotic listening cocktail party phenomenon transience Necker cube
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Levels of Consciousness Minimal consciousness A low level kind of sensory awareness and responsiveness that occurs when the mind inputs sensation and may output behavior Full consciousness Consciousness in which you know and are able to report your mental state. Self-consciousness mirror image
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Contents of Consciousness What’s on your mind? Think aloud Experience sampling technique Consciousness is dominated by the immediate environment (what is seen, felt, heard, tasted, smelled) Current concerns (private preoccupations)
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Contents of Consciousness Mental control The attempt to chance conscious states of mind Thought suppression Conscious avoidance of a thought Rebound effect of thought suppression Thoughts return to consciousness more after suppression
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Rebound effect First, please don’t think about a white bear Next, ring a bell whenever a white bear comes to mind After suppression, more thoughts of white bear
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Consciousness - Consciousness Consciousness Conscious and...

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