Language - Language and Thought Chapter 7 Language and...

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Language and Thought Chapter 7 Language and Communication: Nothing’s More Personal
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Honeybee communication Honeybees communicate about the location of food waggle dance indicates the direction and distance of food from the hive
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Vervet monkeys have 3 different warning calls that uniquely signal presence of main predators Uh oh, it’s a leopard! Let’s climb that tree!
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Human language: Complex May have evolved from signaling systems used by other species, however; Most humans can express wider range of ideas and concepts Humans use words to refer to intangibles (e.g., democracy) Humans use language to name, categorize and describe when we think Influences how knowledge is organized in our brain.
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Language and Communication Language A system for communicating with others using signals that convey meaning and are combined according to rules of grammar The complex structure of human language phoneme morpheme phonological rules grammar morphological rules syntactical rules
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Language and Communication Language A system for communicating with others using signals that convey meaning and are combined according to rules of grammar The complex structure of human language Phoneme Smallest unit of sound that is recognizable as speech rather than as random noise ba, pa different languages use 12-85 English has about 40
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Language and Communication Language A system for communicating with others using signals that convey meaning and are combined according to rules of grammar The complex structure of human language Morpheme Smallest meaningful units of language Pa --> Pat Content morphemes: cat, dog, take Function morphemes: and, or, but
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Language and Communication Language A system for communicating with others using signals that convey meaning and are combined according to rules of grammar The complex structure of human language phonological rules A set of rules that indicate how phonemes can be combined to produce speech sounds. l and r are distinguished in English, but not Japanese ts is an acceptable initial sound in German
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Language A system for communicating with others using signals that convey meaning and are combined according to rules of grammar The complex structure of human language morphological rules A set of rules that indicate how morphemes can be combined to form words. “Boy the hit ball the.”
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This note was uploaded on 08/24/2011 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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Language - Language and Thought Chapter 7 Language and...

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