Learning Pt. 2 - Operant Conditioning A type of learning in...

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Operant Conditioning A type of learning in which the consequences of an organism’s behavior determine whether it will be repeated in the future.
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Law of Effect The principle that behaviors that are followed by a “satisfying state of affairs” tend to be repeated and those that produce an “unpleasant state of affairs” are less likely to be repeated.
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How Is Operant Conditioning Different from Classical Conditioning? “Operant” is Skinner’s word for behavior that operates on the environment, that have effects which are “instrumental” in producing desired results So instrumental learning = operant conditioning
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Both Reinforcement and Punishment Can Be Positive or Negative Punishment reduces the probability of behavior Positive reinforcement (reward) increases chances of behavior Negative reinforcement increases behavior by removing aversive stimuli
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Both Reinforcement and Punishment Can Be Positive or Negative Positive punishment decreases behavior by presenting an aversive stimulus Negative punishment decreases the probability of behavior by removing a positive stimulus
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Reinforcers and punishers Positive reinforcement: Something desirable is presented “I go to work, they give me a paycheck”
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Reinforcers and punishers Negative reinforcement: Something undesirable is removed “I feel less anxiety when I avoid walking home in the dark”
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Reinforcers and punishers Positive punishment: Something undesirable is presented “When I throw tantrums in the grocery store my mom scolds me.”
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Negative punishment:
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This note was uploaded on 08/24/2011 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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Learning Pt. 2 - Operant Conditioning A type of learning in...

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