Social Psych - Social Psychology Chapter 16 Social...

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Social Psychology Chapter 16
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Social Behavior: Interacting with people Survival: the struggle for resources Reproduction: the quest for immortality
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Interacting with People On any given day we interact with a variety of people We interact with them in a variety of contexts What determines with whom we choose to interact and how those interactions “go”? The evolutionary perspective suggests: task of survival task of reproduction
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Temper and Temperature Professional pitchers--expert aim Hitting batter not an accident As temperature goes up, so does number of batters getting hit
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Survival Humans engage in interactions with each other that range from helping to hurting Aggression Behavior whose purpose is to harm another Frustration-aggression principle – People aggress when their goals are thwarted impulsive aggression Spontaneous; no premeditation uncomfortable internal state – Temperature – Pain triggers
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Violent aggression Robber brandishes a gun to steal money (harming people to achieve a goal)
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Non-violent aggression Tyco CEO Dennis Kozlowski defrauded shareholders--stole 100’s of millions of $ (harming people to achieve a goal)
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Non-violent aggression Bilked hundreds of people out of their retirement Currently serving 150 years in prison (he’s 72 y.o.)
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Survival Regardless of conditions, though, not everyone is equally aggressive Single best predictor is gender Assault, battery, murder are largely male behaviors Not merely a product of socialization? Testosterone ( in violent, male criminals) Men aggress in response to perceived challenges or threats Culture?
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Wason Card-Selection Task Hypothesis-confirming bias Turn over 2 cards that test for violation of the rule “if P then Q”
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Wason Card-Selection Task Turn over 2 cards Determine whether a card with a vowel on one side has an even number on the other side
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Wason Card-Selection Task Turn over 2 cards If someone is drinking beer, then they are over 21 “If P then Q.”
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Cooperation Cooperation— defined Prisoner’s dilemma
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Altruism Altruism Behavior that benefits another without benefiting oneself Kin selection Evolution selects for genes that cause individuals to provide benefits to their relatives Reciprocal altruism Behavior that benefits another with the expectation that those benefits will be returned in the future
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Groups Group Two or more people with something in common Prejudice Pos. or neg. evaluation of someone based on group membership Discrimination Pos. or neg. behavior toward someone based on group membership
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This note was uploaded on 08/24/2011 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Social Psych - Social Psychology Chapter 16 Social...

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