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Brief Hypotheticals 05.1 Modern Railways Co. operates a cargo railroad service between New York and Boston. A train owned by Modern Railways derails due to a rare maintenance problem. The train collides with a delivery truck owned by CraftCo, shattering $100,000 worth of porcelain inside. If CraftCo sues Modern Railways Co. for negligence, CraftCo may be able to recover: a. singular damages. b. general damages. c. special damages. Melissa's tugboat accidentally collides with Tyler's yacht, and Tyler sues Melissa for negligence. A federal jury finds Melissa liable and awards Tyler $5,000 in compensatory damages and $50 million in punitive damages. Melissa appeals to the United States Supreme Court challenging the punitive damage award. If the court heard the case, it would likely: a. uphold the damage award as serving a legitimate purpose. b. uphold the damage award as proportional to the harm. c. overturn the punitive damage award as grossly excessive. d. refuse to review the issue because the court cannot overturn jury awards. Ethan is larger and stronger than Nate. Ethan threatens to beat Nate, punches Nate in the face, and knocks out Nate's tooth. Nate may bring a lawsuit against Ethan: a. for battery only.

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