Unformatted text preview: In the Renaissance period, instrumental ensembles were referred to as consorts, and often consisted of instruments from the same family. For example, there were consorts of recorders, consorts of viols, etc. Galliard a 5, by John Dowland (1563-1626), exemplifies a string consort. As well as being one of the most published composers of his time, Dowland's First Book of Songs or Ayres (1597) was the most often reprinted music book of its time. Dowland, who traveled extensively, was also a lutenist and singer. Many consider him among the most important and influential musicians, and possibly one of the greatest songwriters of the Renaissance. He worked in Paris and Germany, and, from 1598 to 1606, was lutenist to Christian IV of Denmark. In 1612, after many failed attempts, he was finally appointed as a lutenist in the Court of James I of England, a post he held until his death. As so many other great composers, Dowland, despite his fame, died in poverty and neglect....
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- Spring '09
- Philosophy, Musical instrument, Viol, Lute, John Dowland, purely instrumental music, original solo compositions