Romanesque Europe

Romanesque Europe - GardnersArtThroughtheAges, 13e...

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1 Chapter 17 Romanesque Europe Gardner’s Art Through the Ages,  13e
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2 Europe About 1100
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3 Goals Understand the term “Romanesque” in designating the artistic  style of a historic period.  Examine the need for large scale pilgrimage churches, the  growth of architecture and urban centers.  Understand the ‘millennial’ and apocalyptic mood of the  Romanesque era and their impact on artistic themes.    Understand the role of relics and the artistic objects designed  to contain relics. Recognize differences and similarities in regional Romanesque  architecture and artistic styles. Understand the narrative function of the human figure in  Romanesque sculpture. 
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4 Romanesque Europe Understand the term “Romanesque” as a style in art and  architecture. Examine the result of pilgrimages and the crusades in terms of  architecture in Europe. Understand the ‘millennial’ and apocalyptic mood of the  Romanesque era and their impact on artistic themes. 
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5 Romanesque Architecture Examine the result of pilgrimages and the crusades in terms of  architecture in Europe. Identify architectural elements particularly those associated  with the large pilgrimage and monastery churches. Explain the function of specific architectural elements such as  the ambulatory, radiating chapels, and crossing square Recognize differences and similarities in regional Romanesque  architectural styles.  
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Important Elements of Romanesque  Architecture Recognize the following architectural features:  Ambulatory – major innovation Radiating chapels Portal and its parts Nave, transept, and side aisles Cruciform (overall shape of building) Crossing square Bays (3-D modules of nave and side aisles) Gallery/ tribune level Clerestory (usually small in Romanesque churches) Barrel vault (the norm for Romanesque naves) Groin vault (less common, used more in side aisles) Cloister (element in a monastic abbey church) 6
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 Interior of Saint-Etienne, Vignory,  France, 1050-1057. 7
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Romanesque Europe - GardnersArtThroughtheAges, 13e...

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