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Exam_3_Study_Guide

Exam_3_Study_Guide - Study Guide no 3 Exams will be held in...

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Study Guide no. 3 Exams will be held in the regular classroom. You will be given one hour and 50 minutes. Bring pencils and an eraser. Exam questions will be based on the questions and terms below which can be found in the readings and the material covered in the lectures. Good luck! Part 1 Material from the first two units of the course Why is it difficult to come up with a single definition of “religion?” What is the academic approach to the study of religion? What is distinctive about it? How might a materialist, functionalist, or someone operating from a belief perspective look at religious phenomena? Bruce Lincoln’s Four Dimensions of Religion Discourse Practices Institutions Community Bruce Lincoln’s Religious Maximalist & Minimalist categories What are the two major metaphysical presuppositions that South Asian religions tend to share? What are the three major religions originating in South Asia that we talked about in class? What is karma? What are the Five Themes of religions originating in East Asia? What are the three religions originating in East Asia that we talked about in class? What is the Dao (the way)? Part 2 – Zoroastrianism Why is it important to study Zoroastrianism? What is significant about it? What similarities are there between Zoroastrianism and the Abrahamic religions? What conclusions have some scholars drawn from the similarities between Zoroastrianism and the Abrahamic religions (especially ideas that may have developed after the Jewish exile in Babylon)? Where was Zoroastrianism founded? (Persia) Ahura Mazada, the “Wise God” Zarathustra Who was he? Are we certain about the details of his life story? How did he break with traditional ancient Persian religion? (Rejection of polytheistic daevas) How does Zoroastrianism view the nature of the universe? (Cosmic struggle of good vs. evil) What is the Zoroastrian view of theodicy? (Why does “evil” exist in the world?) Where is the largest concentration of Zoroastrianism today? Mumbai, India Avesta Spenta Mainyu, (good spirit) Angra Mainyu, (evil spirit) dakhma (“Tower of silence”) Zoroastrian treatment of human corpses – what is done with them? What are Zoroastrians in India called? What are the two ways of understanding good and evil beings? What does fire symbolize? What is the Chinvat Bridge? Is Zoroastrian based on an idea of circular time, or linear time? What is eschatology ? Saoshyant - savior Part 3 – Judaism What are the key characteristics of God in the Abrahamic religions?
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What is an “Abrahamic religion?” Which religions are “Abrahamic religions?” Who was Abraham? Life story of Abraham – roughly when is he thought to have lived? Sacrifice of Abraham – who did Abraham nearly sacrifice according to the Judeo- Christian traditions? Who did Abraham nearly sacrifice according to Islamic tradition?
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