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Unformatted text preview: Anthropology 005 Introduction to Physical Anthropology Problem Set # 6: Hominin Evolution and Pre-agricultural Human Ecology 1. The term hominid has traditionally been used to refer to species in the line the leads to modern humans after the divergence between that line and the line that leads to modern chimpanzees. A. Why is the term hominid cladistically indefensible? Hominid refers to human apes, where as nonhuman apes are referred to as pongids. They are different lines or branches after the divergence from modern humans and chimpanzees. Puts humans in their own families, even though they belong in the same family. B. Draw a cladistic diagram of the modern apes and use it to illustrate your answer to question 1A. C. What global-scale forces are thought to have set the stage for the hominin/pongin divergence? During the Miocene the earths climate cooled which formed polar ice caps and mountain glaciers. In During the Miocene the earths climate cooled which formed polar ice caps and mountain glaciers....
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