Anthropolog2_Ethnicity

Anthropolog2_Ethnicity - Racial groups defined legally by...

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Anthro 2 17:39 Ethnicity “perceived differences, such as culture, religion, language, national origin, by  which groups of people distinguish themselves and are distinguished from  others.” Ethnicity: Fredrik Barth Ethnic Groups and Boundaries      (1969) o Ethnicity not a cultural essence o Relations rather than content o Interdependence rather than isolation The Conditions of Ethnicity Social relations of ethnicity and the environment Society stratified economically and politically along the lines of ethnicity  (“race”, language, religion, etc.) Review  Race is a social/cultural phenomenon o Perceived biological difference Ethnic/racial identities formed within specific conditions o No cultural essence Lecture Outline The socioeconomic construction of race and ethnicity in: South Africa during Apartheid USA Mexico
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South Africa During Apartheid Society organized to identify and separate “races”
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Unformatted text preview: Racial groups defined legally by courts Racial groups separated geographically Bantustans Region where blacks were supposed to live Needed passports to leave the area Apartheid Many grey areas Since 1994, apartheid no longer the legal form of government Social inequality, segregation persists USA Historically a slave society o White/black dynamic Hypodescent: one drop rule Ascribed status Mexico Historically, Spaniards and Indians Slavery in plantation zones Mestizaje Colonial classification system Each group had different rights and responsibilities Status tied to racial identification Racial categories (castas) not recognized officially after independence. Liberalism: everyone is a citizen The categories live on in language and perception o Moreno, prieto, guero, gente bonita 17:39 17:39...
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This note was uploaded on 08/25/2011 for the course ANTH 2 taught by Professor Hindes during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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Anthropolog2_Ethnicity - Racial groups defined legally by...

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