Week12-3-GuestGustavoCastro-Zarzuela

Week12-3-GuestGustavoCastro-Zarzuela - WEEK 12: MUSIC AND...

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Unformatted text preview: WEEK 12: MUSIC AND MODERNISM: CROSSING THE ATLANTIC Lecture 32: Friday, November 12 Now listening: "Barber's Entrance" from Zarzuela El Barberillo de Lavapiés Guest Lecturer: Gustavo Castro  Musical Theater in Español: Zarzuela In-class listening quiz #2 Q. 1
 Q. 2 LA
ZARZUELA


























 by
Gustavo
Castro
 DEFINITION
 •  Spanish
lyric
theater
that
alternates
sung
 scenes,
spoken
dialog
and
local
dances.
 •  Its
plots
reflect
the
local
social
context,
oHen
 in
a
farcical,
saJrical
and
comical
manner.

 •  
Always
sung
in
the
local
language:
CasJlian
 (Madrid),
Catalan
(Barcelona),
Basque
 (Bilbao),
Galician
(SanJago),
Valencian
 (Valencia),
or
local
accent
(Andalusia).
 ZARZUELA
 •  Named
aHer
the
17th
century
royal
hunJng
 lodge
near
Madrid,
El Palacio de la Zarzuela.
 •  Current
residence
of
King

Don
Juan
Carlos
of
 Spain
and
Queen
Doña
Sofía.

 •  The
palace
theater
is
the
birthplace
of
the
 Zarzuela.
 •  Zarza
means
a
bramble
thorny
plant.
 IN
OTHER
WORDS
 •  •  •  •  OPERETTA
 What
Johann
Strauss
means
to
Vienna
 What
Offenbach
means
to
Paris
 What
Opera
Buffa
means
to
Italy
 •  MUSIC
THEATER
 •  What
Gilbert
and
Sullivan
mean
to
London
 •  What
Broadway
means
to
New
York
 BAROQUE
ZARZUELA
 •  1657
El laurel de Apolo
by
Juan
 Hidalgo
on
a
comedy
by
Calderón
de
 la
Barca.
 •  1701
La púrpura de la rosa
by
Juan
 Hidalgo
/
Tomás
de
Torrejón.
 LIBRETTISTS
AND
COMPOSERS
 •  Pedro
Calderón
de
la
Barca
(1614‐1685)

 –  Play
writer
 •  •  •  •  •  Juan
Hidalgo
(1614‐1685)
*
 Tomás
de
Torrejón
(1644‐1728)
 SebasJán
Durón
(1660‐1781)
 Antonio
de
Literes
(1673‐1747)
 José
de
Nebra
(1702‐1768)
 hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cRSFPfP67HQ
 (La
púrpura
de
la
rosa)
 CLASSICAL
TONADILLA
 •  Zarzuela
was
shadowed
by
the
importance
of
 Italian
opera.
 •  Rossini
became
extremely
popular
with
his
 Opere Buffe.
 •  Tonadilla is
the
equivalent
of
the
Italian
 Intermezzo.
 •  Short
with
liole
plot.
 •  EscenJally
from
Madrid.
 Libressts
and
Composers
 •  Ramón
de
la
Cruz
(1731‐1793)

 –  Play
writer
 •  •  •  •  Luis
Misón
(1727‐1776)

[Catalan]
 Blas
de
Laserna
(1751‐1816)
 Vicente
Marwn
y
Soler
(1756‐1806)
*
 Luigi
Boccherini
(1743‐1805)
[Italian]
*
 •  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wlvaT0J1UWQ
(La
ClemenJna)
Boccherini
 •  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jGomXOOEnek
(La
Madrileña)
Marwn
y
Soler
 •  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hJlOIBVGrVY
(Una
cosa
rara)
Marwn
y
Soler
 Opera
versus
Zarzuela
 •  Opera:
royalty
and
aristocracy
in
Italian
opera.
 Universal
human
dramas.
 •  Zarzuela:
popular
audience
in
Spanish
with
 spoken
dialogue.
Local
comic
of
farcical
topics.
 –  “the
life
of
the
people,
presented
for
the
people”
 Webber,
Christopher.
The Zarzuela Companion ROMANTIC
ZARZUELA
 •  Género
chico
(small
gender)
 –  One
act
Zarzuelas

 –  ConJnues
the
tradiJon
of
the
Tonadillas
and
 becomes
extremely
popular.
 –  Contrast
between:
simple
and
comedic,
 senJmental
and
cynical,
romanJc
and
realisJc.

 ROMANTIC
ZARZUELA
 •  Género
grande
(large
gender)
 –  Three
act
Zarzuelas
(from
Italian,
French,
Viennese
 comic
operas)
 –  Before
1880
was
very
influenced
by
Italian,
French
 and
Viennese
comic
opera
 –  AHer
1880
leans
toward
the
more
realisJc
and
 popular
plots
of
the
Tonadillas,
incorporaJng
 more
local
dances.
 –  Always
includes
comic
characters.
 LIBRETTISTS
 •  Ventura
de
la
Vega
(1807‐1865)
 •  Luis
de
Olona
(1823‐1873)
 –  (Influenced
by
French
romanJcism)
 •  Carlos
Arniches
(1866‐1943)
 •  Miguel
Echegaray
(1845‐1915)
 COMPOSERS
 •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  Francisco
Barbieri
(1823‐1894)
 Joaquín
Gaztambide
(1822‐1870)
 Cristóbal
Oudrid
(1825‐1877)
 Ricardo
de
la
Vega
(1839‐1910)
*
1880
 Fernando
Chueca
(1846‐1908)
 Ruperto
Chapí
(1851‐1909)
 Manuel
Fernández
Caballero
(1835‐1906)
 Tomás
Bretón
(1850‐1923)
 •  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3AAmd0VYZ2s
(La
Revoltosa)
Danza
 •  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7axHYnkjTn0
(La
Revoltosa)
Escena
 •  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3AAmd0VYZ2s
(La
Revoltosa)
Danza
 •  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7axHYnkjTn0
(La
Revoltosa)
Escena
 •  •  •  •  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YT1C14E2x4U
(La
verbena
de
la
paloma)
Seguidilla
Coro
 hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YiR40oUDHyY
(Agua,
azucarillos
y
aguardiente)
Danza
 hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H7QxmitLjkk
(Teresa
Berganza)
 hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9YY0wTuAV8
(Montserrat
Caballé)
 20th
CENTURY
 •  The
Revistas
become
very
popular
but
also
 very
commercial.
 •  Francisco
Romero
(1886‐1976)
[Libresst]
 •  Guillermo
Fernández
Shaw
(1893‐1965)
 [Libresst]
 •  Composers
experiment
mixing
local
tradiJons
 with
Italian
verismo.
 COMPOSERS
 •  •  •  •  •  •  •  Pablo
Luna
(1879‐1942)
 Amadeu
Vives
(1871‐1932)
 José
Serrano
(1870‐1941)
[Valencian]
 Francisco
Alonso
(1887‐1948)
 Jacinto
Guerrero
(1895‐1951)
 Federico
Moreno
Tórroba
(1891‐1982)
 Pablo
Sorozábal
(1897‐1988)
*
 •  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zetF0MaE_as
(La
del
manojo
de
rosas)
 •  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AnRZPBU‐CQs
(La
del
manojo
de
rosas)
 Cuban
Zarzuela
 •  Ignacio
Cervantes
(1847‐1905)
 –  Cecilia
Valdés
 –  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yyz9SkX94Tg

 •  Ernesto
Lecuona
(1895‐1963)
 –  María
la
O
 –  hop://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nvd‐MALA7tw
 Kings
of
Spain
 •  •  •  •  •  CasJlle
1475‐1506
 Habsburg
1516‐1700
 Bourbon
1700‐1808
 Bonaparte
1808‐1813
 Bourbon
1813‐1868
 PoliJcal
panorama
during
the

 19th
and
20th
Centuries
in
Spain
 •  Spanish
RevoluJon
1868
‐
Provisional
 government
unJl
1870
 •  Savoy
1870‐1873
 •  First
Spanish
Republic
1873‐1874
 •  Bourbon
1874‐1931
 •  General
Francisco
Franco
1931‐1975
 •  Bourbon
1975‐present
 Spanish
languages
 •  •  •  •  •  •  CasJllian
 Catalan
 Valencian
 Galician

 Basque
 Andalusian
dialects
 ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/25/2011 for the course MUS 302L taught by Professor Dell'antonio during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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