Week9-2 - Week 9: Music, Amateurs, and the Bourgeoisie...

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Week 9: Music, Amateurs, and the Bourgeoisie Public Music: A “Program” Symphony? Lecture 22: Wednesday, October 20 Now Playing: Hector Berlioz, Symphonie Fantastique , V movement
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The Spirit of Romanticism Imagination Nature Symbolism and Myth Emotion, Lyric Poetry, and the Self Contrasts With 18 th Classicism Individualism: The Romantic Hero The Everyday and the Exotic The Romantic Artist in Society Spread of the Romantic Spirit International artistic and philosophical movement that redeFned the fundamental ways in which people in Western cultures thought about themselves and about their world
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Romantic genres Lied : German song, for piano and voice, usually set to a poem by a Romantic writer Character piece: short lyrical piano piece that evokes a clear mood or character Program Symphony: multi-movement orchestral music with literary or pictorial description provided by the composer (again, reFective of integration of all the arts) Program Music is the opposite of Absolute Music (Beethoven’s 6 th vs. Beethoven’s 5 th )
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Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) French Infatuated with Harriet Smithson (Shakespearean actress) Inspiration for Symphonie Fantastique “Romantic” lifestyle Expanded symphonic form, instrumentation, tone color, and program
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“Romanticism” in Paris: Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) Berlioz comes to music late; never a professional performer, rather a conductor and music critic, considered Frst real master of orchestration Pioneer of Romantic orchestral program music , which he considers the “true legacy of Beethoven” PROGRAM MUSIC: Instrumental music that “tells a story” or “paints a picture”; while structure/form is present, it is subsidiary to a narrative or series of images that the composer wants to evoke
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Symphonie Fantastique (1830) What is an idée fxe ? What does it represent in his “program”? So, what are some of the “Romantic” aspects of the music or program?
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Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) “Fantastic Symphony: Episodes in the Life of an Artist” (1830) Berlioz writes for a very large and elaborate orchestra (130 players) How does this compare to the orchestra for Mozart or Haydn’s symphony? [ fnd the answer in your textbook ] Symphony is in ±ve movements; each “tells” a different portion of
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Week9-2 - Week 9: Music, Amateurs, and the Bourgeoisie...

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