Intro to Ethics.pdf - Learning Objectives • Discuss what is...

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Unformatted text preview: Learning Objectives • Discuss what is ethics. • Differentiate ethics from morality. • Analyze the different types of ethics. ETHICS ethos custom or character Studies the rightness or wrongness of a human action HOW DO HUMAN PERSONS OUGHT TO ACT? WHAT IS A RIGHT CONDUCT AND A GOOD LIFE? ETHICS GREEK TRADITION “good life” happiness JUDEO-CHRISTIAN Righteousness before God; love of God and neighbor “Being Happy” “Doing What is Right” ETHICS MORALITY “theory” of right action and the greater good “practice”, rightness or wrongness of human action “systematic study” of the underlying principles of morality “prescriptive” = tells us what we ought to do = exhorts us to follow the right ETHICS = SCIENCE OF MORALS MORALITY = PRACTICE OF ETHICS TYPES OF ETHICS 1. NORMATIVE ETHICS (PRESCRIPTIVE) = seeks to set norms or standards that regulate right and wrong or good and bad conduct 2. METAETHICS (DESCRIPTIVE) = aims to understand the nature and dynamics of ethical principles and the way we learn and acquire moral beliefs. NORMATIVE ETHICS METAETHICS DO GOOD AT ALL TIMES! WHAT IS GOOD? 3. APPLIED ETHICS = actual application of ethical or moral theories for the purpose of deciding which ethical or moral actions are appropriate in a given situation. CASUISTS = adherents of applied ethics DIFFERENT FIELDS: • BUSINESS ETHICS • BIOMEDICAL AND ENVIRONMENTA L ETHICS • SOCIAL ETHICS SCENARIO: A police officer shoots a terrorist who is about to blow up a crowded shopping mall. METAETHICS: The act of the police officer is morally wrong. NORMATIVE ETHICS: It is the right thing to do in this particular situation CASUISTS: The police officer is just doing his best to fulfill his duty ...
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