Anthro Final Study Guide

Anthro Final Study Guide - Anthro.FinalStudyGuide 21:29...

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Anthro. Final Study Guide 21:29 Weeks 6 Notes: Applied Anthropology : the use of anthropological data, perspectives, theory, and  methods to identify, assess, and solve contemporary problems  Anthropologists are confronted with a variety of social and environment problems  Economic inequalities  Social injustices Unsustainable social or environmental processes  Solvable health, nutrition, and education issues History of promoting political agendas Anthropology was the “handmaiden of colonialism” Anthropology was “applied” during wars to help defeat the enemy During the cold war, development programs were a means to achieve political  goals Ethics of our involvement: Anthropology can and has been misused Our efforts to apply anthropology must be used to assist local people and to  speak up for the disenfranchised Anthropology’s contributions:
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Participant-observation: develop empathy, develop deep understanding, and  establish rapport Emic perspective: can see from the indigenous’ perspective and act as a  cultural broker o Applied example: ethnography of homeless youth Holistic perspective: understand how all aspects of culture work together Cultural relativism: recognize each culture is unique o To be effective programs and policies must be culturally compatible Applied example: improving health in Malawi o 60% of children in Malawi are malnourished o Interdisciplinary team developed a solution: provide milk producing goats  to mothers with young children Ethnographic research with a holistic perspective o Matrilineal society, but men controlled the goats o Able to predict the potential problem: men might object  Took the role of culture broker  o Explained the roles of the project to the men in advance Animism : the belief that all living things have souls or spirits in addition to their  physical bodies Styles of research: Pure ethnography: focus on the culture (holism) Studies of social sciences: focus on the problem (intersectionality) Policy studies: focus on the policy or solution
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Methods: Participant-observation fieldwork Rapid ethnographic assessment procedures Data: Qualitative ethnographic information The first step the proximate goals the ultimate goal Ethnographic research advocacy, activism, and policy solve contemporary  problems o Advocacy- to raise awareness o Policy- to create or improve policies or laws o Activism- create or implement a solution Keys to successful programs: Be culturally compatible Respond to locally perceived needs Harness traditional/ local organizations Religion : If you are not religious, you will never experience the emic perspective of it
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This note was uploaded on 08/26/2011 for the course ANTHROPOLO 2 taught by Professor Walsh during the Spring '09 term at UCSB.

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Anthro Final Study Guide - Anthro.FinalStudyGuide 21:29...

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