23 - Consider Climate Change The majority of scientists...

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Sociology of Science 19:06 Sociologists of science study the interactions between science and society Paradigm - the framework within which scientists operate. There are particular  paradigms for particular branches of scientific research The Structure of Scientific Revolutions  Thomas Kuhn theorizes that  scientific revolutions , also called  paradigm  shifts , occur when enough anomalies accrue during the practice of normal  science to challenge the existing paradigm Science is a Social Relationship: Normative science We have the idea that science is unaffected by the personal beliefs or values  of scientists but rather follows objective rules of evidence In practice, however,  social factors  such as funding availability, economic  political interests, and international pressure or competition  can affect  choices about what scientific research is pursued
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Unformatted text preview: Consider Climate Change The majority of scientists agree that the roots of global warming can be linked to human activity such as deforestation and the burning of coal, gas, and oil At the same time, global warming is predicted to have a strong impact on human society , primarily thru devastating natural disasters such as prolonged heat waves, more and bigger hurricanes, and debilitating droughts Consider organic food On the one hand organic food market is a reaction to scientific/technical intervention into agriculture On the other hand the organic food market operates within the system of inequality/stratification --Organic products are more expensive, high income individuals are much more likely to buy them and reap their benefits than low income people 19:06 19:06...
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This note was uploaded on 08/26/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1 taught by Professor Mullin during the Spring '11 term at UCSB.

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23 - Consider Climate Change The majority of scientists...

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