1875 - 1961
Note to EN122 students:
Most of the text below (with the exception of the parts in
brackets – [which I added ] – is taken from the writing of
Dr. C. George Boeree
professor, psychologist, and author of several books on personality theory.
I have found
this to be a clear discussion of Jung’s basic ideas.
For the test, you will not need to know anything except:
Jung’s basic idea of the parts of
the human “psyche” (soul), the “archetypes” that are mentioned, what “archetypes” are,
idea of the merging of “oppositions”, anima/animus, and the role of the shadow.
the really important ideas are under the sections after “Theory” below.
said that the goal of therapy was to make the unconscious conscious. He certainly
made that the goal of his work as a theorist. And yet he makes the unconscious sound
very unpleasant, to say the least: It is a cauldron of seething desires, a bottomless pit of
perverse and incestuous cravings, a burial ground for frightening experiences which
nevertheless come back to haunt us. …
A younger colleague [and disciple] of Freud,
was to make the exploration of
this "inner space" his life's work. He went equipped with a background in Freudian
theory, of course, and with an apparently inexhaustible knowledge of mythology,
religion, and philosophy. Jung was especially knowledgeable in the symbolism of
complex mystical traditions such as Gnosticism, Alchemy, Kabala, and similar traditions
in Hinduism and Buddhism.
[His ideas were also grounded in the Judeo-Christian
tradition, and in Greek mythology.
Jung was interested in how the unconscious was
structured, and in how it revealed ] itself only in symbolic form….
[Jung] had…a capacity for very lucid dreaming and occasional visions. In the fall of
1913, he had a vision of a "monstrous flood" engulfing most of Europe and lapping at the
mountains of his native Switzerland. He saw thousands of people drowning and
civilization crumbling. Then, the waters turned into blood. This vision was followed, in
the next few weeks, by dreams of eternal winters and rivers of blood. He was afraid that
he was becoming psychotic. But on August 1 of that year, World War I began
that there had been a connection, somehow, between himself as an individual and
humanity in general that could not be explained away. From then until 1928, he was to go
through a rather painful process of self-exploration that formed the basis of all of his later