CARL+JUNG - CARL JUNG 1875 1961 Note to EN122 students Most...

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CARL JUNG 1875 - 1961 Note to EN122 students: Most of the text below (with the exception of the parts in brackets – [which I added ] – is taken from the writing of Dr. C. George Boeree , a professor, psychologist, and author of several books on personality theory. I have found this to be a clear discussion of Jung’s basic ideas. For the test, you will not need to know anything except: Jung’s basic idea of the parts of the human “psyche” (soul), the “archetypes” that are mentioned, what “archetypes” are, and idea of the merging of “oppositions”, anima/animus, and the role of the shadow. So, the really important ideas are under the sections after “Theory” below. _____________________________________________________________________ “…. Freud said that the goal of therapy was to make the unconscious conscious. He certainly made that the goal of his work as a theorist. And yet he makes the unconscious sound very unpleasant, to say the least: It is a cauldron of seething desires, a bottomless pit of perverse and incestuous cravings, a burial ground for frightening experiences which nevertheless come back to haunt us. … A younger colleague [and disciple] of Freud, Carl Jung, was to make the exploration of this "inner space" his life's work. He went equipped with a background in Freudian theory, of course, and with an apparently inexhaustible knowledge of mythology, religion, and philosophy. Jung was especially knowledgeable in the symbolism of complex mystical traditions such as Gnosticism, Alchemy, Kabala, and similar traditions in Hinduism and Buddhism. [His ideas were also grounded in the Judeo-Christian tradition, and in Greek mythology. Jung was interested in how the unconscious was structured, and in how it revealed ] itself only in symbolic form…. [Jung] had…a capacity for very lucid dreaming and occasional visions. In the fall of 1913, he had a vision of a "monstrous flood" engulfing most of Europe and lapping at the mountains of his native Switzerland. He saw thousands of people drowning and civilization crumbling. Then, the waters turned into blood. This vision was followed, in the next few weeks, by dreams of eternal winters and rivers of blood. He was afraid that he was becoming psychotic. But on August 1 of that year, World War I began . Jung felt that there had been a connection, somehow, between himself as an individual and humanity in general that could not be explained away. From then until 1928, he was to go through a rather painful process of self-exploration that formed the basis of all of his later theorizing.
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He carefully recorded his dreams, fantasies, and visions, and drew, painted, and sculpted them as well. He found that his experiences tended to form themselves into persons, beginning with a wise old man and his companion, a little girl. The wise old man evolved, over a number of dreams, into a sort of spiritual guru. The little girl became "anima," the feminine soul, who served as his main medium of communication with
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CARL+JUNG - CARL JUNG 1875 1961 Note to EN122 students Most...

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