Age of exploration ● Also referred to the age of discovery ● Took place from the 15th century to the 17th century ● Major advancements in ○ Navigation ○ Maps ○ Shipbuilding ● This also led Europe to expand to the rest of the world. Explorers set out from Spain, portugal, france, and england (more later, these were in the 15th century) ● They were seeking new routes to asia ● They discovered a new route to get to India and around by going around the tip of Africa ● They also discovered the “New World” (The america), ○ Also discovered Australia, new zealand, and hawaii ● All of this discovery came with an increase of trade and colonization ● Russia explored and conquered Siberia English exploration of the new world ● The english lagged behind the other European nations in exploration of the new world. Finally, however, a combination of economic and social incentives convinced them to look around. ● For one thing the enclosure movement in England had made land very scarce. And the practice of primogeniture meant only the eldest son could inherit the land. For these reasons many english moved to the new world for the promise of cheap land ● English also had a large population at this time, and the government viewed the new world as a good place to send criminals and beggars ● Another reason for the increase in interest in America was the protestant reformation many english catholics and protestants felt alienated by the new church of england, and they wanted to find a place where they could worship more freely rather than be alienated or persecuted English colonization of the new world ● The first english attempt to found a colony in the new world was made by Sir humphrey gilbert in newfoundland in 1583, and it was a complete failure ● Sir Walter Raliegh would lead two more failed attempts of founding a colony on Roanoke Island in 1586 and 1588. The second of these colonies is known as the Lost Colony because it disappeared without a trace while Raleigh was gone. ● Finally, the british were to establish a permanent settlement at Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. ○ The settlers in Jamestown came for gold and to convert the natives to christianity ○ One of the most important events of the early years of Jamestown was the issuing of the Virginia charter, which declared that the english settlers in the new world would be treated as Englishmen with full english rights. Jamestown
● First settlement was Jamestown ○ Where? North america ○ When? 1607 ○ Named after King James I of England ● Factors contributing to jamestown ○ Peace between england and spain ○ Virginia company provided financial support and settlers, not the crown ○ Lured to jamestown by promise of adventure, religious freedom, and still maintain as english subjects Main reasons for establishment of the 13 colonies ● The original 13 colonies were started by settlers from England these people came to the new world for many reasons, including ○ Political ideology ■ New society and new government (in the end lots more tax, no rep) ○ Economic prospects ■
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- Fall '07
- Thirteen Colonies, American Civil War, Age of Discovery