SCW History SL essay .pdf - Examine the causes of the...

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Examine the causes of the Spanish Civil War: The Spanish Civil War was a military revolt that took place in 1936 until 1939 against the Republican government of Spain, supported by conservative elements within the country. Spain had been in a long period of decline since the great days of the Spanish Empire in the 15th and 16th century. This made political instability, political and social divisions and weak economy arise, causing the Spanish Civil War. The first factor that lead to the Spanish Civil War was the political instability. Spain was a unified country, but separatism had always been an issue in Catalonia and the Pais Vasco. Both of the regions had their own language, culture and history and seeked for political autonomy. Separatists believed that the government was not giving them enough credit for their region’s economic contributions. Separatist parties such as the Catalan “Liga Regionalista” and the Basque “Partido Nacionalista Vasco” began to arise during this period of time. This created divisions in Spain, with the left wing groups agreeing to some degree of autonomy, and the right wings opting for the preservation of a unified Spain. Until 1932, Spain was also a constitutional monarchy under the throne of King Alfonso XIII. The system

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