3463-Article Text-6453-1-10-20150706 - Andreja...

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • aabaldan28
  • 11

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 11 pages.

195 Andreja Radetič Šolski center Krško – Sevnica [email protected] THE TREATMENT OF GENDER AND TIME IN WINTERSON’S AND SPARK’S NOVELS In this essay I am going to deal with the representation of gender and time in Winterson’s Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit (1985), The Passion (1987) and Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1961) and The Driver’s Seat (1970). I think there are many similarities in methods used by these authors, especially in the treatment of time. *** I agree with critics who argue that Winterson tries to challenge and overcome culturally constructed binary oppositions between two genders. Winterson tries to do so by rewriting ‚not o nly femininity, but also masculinity (Makinen, 61)‛. She imposes femininity on men and masculinity on women. This strategy is evident in both novels, but much more in her later one, The Passion . It is true that in Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit Jeanette’s father cleans shoes and her mother builds a bathroom, but it is still he who financially provides for the family and the mother takes care of their home. Besides his love for Villanelle ( The Passion ), there is little masculine about Henri: he is a cook, which is traditionally a female job, he is unable to kill even a rabbit, he is homesick, shy, sentimental etc. On the other hand, Villanelle is even less unambiguously a woman: not only does she have a gambling problem, she also initiates actions, she is daring and brave, which are all attributes, usually thought of as masculine. In addition, Villanelle has male bodily markers: she is unusually tall; she has small breasts and webbed feet,