Sociology Exam 3 Notes

Sociology Exam 3 Notes - Sociology Exam 3 Notes Part 1 Fun...

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Sociology Exam 3 Notes Part 1: Fun Facts – Heterosexual Marriages in the US - In the US we seem to like marriage o 90% of us will eventually get married - Class Survey : “Do you hope to get married?” o 94% said YES 99% of MEN said YES 94% of WOMEN said YES - Average cost of wedding: o In State College: $17,000 to $29,000 - Average number of guests: o In State College: 133 to 147 - Why does a wedding cost more than a down payment on a house or car? o Marriage is a symbol of a successful personal life o Marriage is a public ritual o We use marriages to communicate our identity o As a culture we’re looking for more symbolic representations of us since traditional representations no longer hold o Traditional representatives: ethnicity or religion - Brainstorm : Why get married? o Higher social status (especially for women) o Legitimate relationships o Financial/legal benefits o Financial and emotional security o “The grass is greener on the other side” o Allow for intimate adult sexuality o Highest indicator of respect/commitment in a relationship - We get married for the first time at later ages than ever before o 1940 -1960: median marriage age decreases It goes down to around 20 for women and 23 for men - Why are we getting married later? o Public Explanations: Reliable Birth control Changes in cultural values about marriage Marriage less required today to be seen as an adult American way of life vs. communism Economy: need an education and you need 2 earners in a family Divorce culture - Is Marriage fun? o No Part 2: Marriage is a Legal and Religious Arrangement (Marriage is a social construction) - This shows that marriage is a social construction - For most of its history, marriage was not for romantic love - It was for: o Gaining land or property o Joining families (another way to gain land and property) o Economic/political alliance o Survival o Legitimate sex and children o Love was not an expected part of marriage until the 1800s - New ideas about marriage (These ideas are NOT part of marriage until the 1920s): o Friendship o Mutual sexual enjoyment (not just to reproduce) o Spouse as a primary relationship - Secular laws control marriage - Brainstorm : What laws control marriage? (state controls most of marriage laws) 22 20.3 27.4 25.6 Median Age at First Marriage Year 1890 1950 2008 Men Women
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o DOMA o License to marry o Benefits (health insurance) o Anti polygamy laws o Age limit (minimum age) o Anti incest laws o Officiators of marriage - Secular laws control marriage o Who can marry, when they can marry, federal law provide benefits, rights to the children, and if it is possible to end the contract/how it is possible to end it - Brainstorm : Why is there so much legal control? o
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Sociology Exam 3 Notes - Sociology Exam 3 Notes Part 1 Fun...

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