Learning and Cognitive Ethology

Learning and Cognitive Ethology - Learning and Cognitive...

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Learning and Cognitive Ethology Learning-specific modification of behavior that occurs as a result of experience with an external event (series of events) in an individual’s lifetime Costs and Benefits (example in birds) Benefits-allows animal to adjust to local environment, allows for animal to adapt, may learn from others Costs-less than optimal behavior during acquisition, delayed reproduction while dependent on parents i.e. yellow juncos- longer time to acquire foraging efficiency-time decreases with age but increases at 10-14 weeks maybe during sexual development Types of Learning-Habituation, Sensitization, Classical (Pavlovian), Operant, Cultural/Observational, Insight learning Habituation and Individual recognition-decreased call in response to being exposed to music/neighboring call, unfamiliar strangers will still produce an aggressive response Sensitization-rat associates a stick with cat odor-danger so will blue stick elicit alarm
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Learning and Cognitive Ethology - Learning and Cognitive...

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