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GOVT LECTURES- - Political ideology-liberal o big govt...

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Political ideology -liberal o big govt, Great Depression, welfare -conservative o small govt, look to individuals Political socialization- the induction of individuals into the political culture, learning the underlying beliefs & values on which the political system is based. Conservative ideology o Faith in established institutions o Preference for liberty over equality o Suspicious of power and human nature o Belief in Exceptionalism o Belief in individualism Crime and punishment Defecit reduction Lower taxes Liberal Ideology o Faith in progress o Preference of equality over liberty o Belief in the benevolence of govt and individuals o Belief in perfectibility of human beings o Belief in the community Discrimination Education Environmental protection Equality Healthcare Centrist Ideology o Sometimes favor govt intervention, sometimes favor individual choice o Oppose political extremes o Open-minded o Practical solutions to problems Libertarian Ideology o Maximum economic liberty
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o Maximum personal liberty o Very conservative Populist Ideology o Maximum economic and social govt o Champion on common man o Intolerant of disparity of wealth o Very liberal American Political Culture o the orientation of the citizens of a nation toward politics, and their perceptions of political legitimacy and traditions of political practice Some political values: liberty, equality, individualism, democracy, justice, rule of law, nationalism, optimism, idealism o “We the People” – the growing population is made up of diverse races, ethnic groups, religions, languages and national origins o Americans need govt services, especially in a time of crisis, but trust in government has declined Political efficacy has declined The ability of citizens to influence govt and politics Citizenship has declined Citizenship- informed and active membership in a political society Poor resources o Political information Too much information Misinformation Reliance on popular culture Introduction: Government o Institutions and procedures through which a territory and its people are ruled o Commodities of all govts National defense Public goods and services Police power
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Political socialization Taxes o Types of govt (based on inclusiveness) Autocracy- no citizen participation Oligarchy- controlled by small group of people Democracy- a means of selecting policymakers and of organizing govt so that policy represents and responds to people’s preferences o Types of govt (based on authority) Totalitarian- extreme system, no limits on power Authoritarian- recognizes no limit on authority but constrained by other social institutions Constitutional- formal and effective limits placed on powers of the government Fundamental Characteristics of American Government o Democratic Permits citizens to play significant part, or through congressional members
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