enzyme_classes - Hydrolysis of a bond in a lipid Lyase...

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Enzyme Classification and Naming Enzyme Class and Reaction* Subclass or Common Name Reaction* Oxidoreductase Oxidation-reduction reaction Dehydrogenase Transfer of a hydride ion Oxidase O 2 is the electron acceptor Transferase Transfer of a functional group from one compound to another Kinase Transfer of a phosphoryl group between a nucleotide (e.g. ATP) and another compound Aminotransferase (Transaminase) Transfer of an amino group between compounds Hydrolase Hydrolysis reaction (cleavage of a single bond via addition of water) Phosphatase Hydrolysis of a single bond between a compound and a phosphoryl group (releasing inorganic phosphate, Pi) Peptidase Protease Proteinase Hydrolysis of a peptide bond Glycosidase Hydrolysis of a glycosidic bond Lipase
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Unformatted text preview: Hydrolysis of a bond in a lipid Lyase Group elimination to form a double bond, or Breaking a single bond to form two products, one of which has a new double bond Synthase Forming a single bond between two compounds, one of which loses a double bond Isomerase Internal rearrangement or isomerization Mutase The apparent migration within a molecule of a functional group from one position to another position Ligase Bond formation coupled to nucleotide triphosphate (ex: ATP, GTP, . ..) hydrolysis Synthetase Formation of a new bond coupled to ATP (or GTP, etc.) hydrolysis *Remember that enzymes catalyze a reaction in either direction. A reaction going in reverse (relative to the direction described) will also be catalyzed by an enzyme of that class....
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This note was uploaded on 08/26/2011 for the course CHEM 153A taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '05 term at UCLA.

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