Incentives-Adv - SAFETY INCENTIVES SAFETY The backbone of...

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Unformatted text preview: SAFETY INCENTIVES SAFETY The backbone of some safety programs The some y Lacking in others y EFFECTIVENESS OF INCENTIVES IN REDUCING INJURIES IS NOT CONFIRMED NOT y Safety programs have been known to Safety be successful without incentives be Is there a formal safety Is there a formal safety incentive program? 5 4.5 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 RIR Large Jobs- Large JobsLarge Yes No Firms-Yes Large Firms-No Differences are not statistically significant!! y Does the project have a formal Recordable Incident Rate worker incentive program? 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 Yes No AN EFFECTIVE INCENTIVE INCENTIVE Reinforces good or safe behavior y Alters poor or unsafe behavior y TEST OF AN INCENTIVE INCENTIVE Do workers work differently because of Do the incentives? the y Incentives must generate interest y WHO IS TO BE MOTIVATED BY THE INCENTIVES? INCENTIVES? Workers y Crew members y Supervisors y Project Managers y Safety Personnel y HOW OFTEN SHOULD REWARDS BE GIVEN? REWARDS Cannot seem too remote (one year Cannot frequency) frequency) y Weekly or Biweekly may be appropriate Weekly ( especially for crews) especially y How often are individual How often are individual worker safety awards given? 7 6 5 4 RIR-Large Jobs RIR-Large Firms 3 2 1 0 Weekly Monthly Quarterly y How often are incentives given to Recordable Incident Rate workers? 3.50 3.00 2.50 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 Weekly or Bi-weekly Quarterly TYPE OF WORK TO BE REWARDED REWARDED # of OSHA recordable injuries y # of lost time injuries? (rare events) y # of first aid injuries? (can be frequent of events)-watch for non-reporting events)-watch y # near misses noted? (will be noticed if near recorded) Using near misses is not advisable!!! advisable!!! y Safe Work Behavior y 6 Are incentives based on the Are incentives based on the incidence of injuries or safe behavior? 5 4 Large Firms-RIR Large Jobs-RIR 3 2 1 0 Incidence of Injuries Safe Behavior Are incentives based on Are incentives based on injury or both behavior and injury? 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 RIR 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 Incidence Rates Both VALUE OF INCENTIVES VALUE Progressive (accrues in value with Progressive growth-but not a straight line) growth-but y Cumulative (points accrued are not lost) y Must capture the imagination of the Must workers workers y Type of Incentives Type of Incentives 7 6 5 4 RIR 3 2 1 0 Large Firms-Progressive Large Firms-Cumulative Are Incentives Based on keeping Are Incentives Based on keeping the I.R. below a prescribed level? 3.5 3 2.5 2 I.R. 1.5 1 0.5 0 Yes No Large Projects DURATION OF INCENTIVES INCENTIVES Longer life for progressive incentives y Gimmicks have a short (6 months) life y CHANGES ARE NEEDED IN INCENTIVES IN Maintain interest level y Six months may be the life of some Six incentives incentives y UNSAFE BEHAVIOR UNSAFE Cannot be tolerated y Negative reinforcement (dismissal for Negative flagrantly unsafe worker behavior) flagrantly y y Are field supervisors evaluated Recordable Incident Rate on safety? 9.00 8.00 7.00 6.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 0.00 Yes No Is safety performance a criterion Is safety performance a criterion for giving raises to workers? 7 6 5 4 RIR 3 2 1 0 Yes No INCENTIVES FOR FOREMEN FOREMEN Greater value than for workers y Not too much! y Focus on recognition y INCENTIVES FOR SUPERINTENDENTS SUPERINTENDENTS Significant value y Based on a longer time frame y Need not be changed frequently y ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/27/2011 for the course BCN 5737 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at University of Florida.

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