SmartGrowth - Smart Growth 2008 Page 1 Smart Growth1...

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Smart Growth 2008 Page 1 Smart Growth 1 Starting in the 1990s, there was a movement referred to as smart growth . This movement was designed to manage growth without derailing economic development or sacrificing affordable housing. The difference between smart growth and previous approaches to growth management is the argument that smart growth strategies will actually promote economic development. It will preserve the quality of life while lowering regulatory barriers to housing and other economically productive development inside designated growth areas. Smart growth is a term used to describe efforts to shape growth in a way that lessons sprawl ” – suburban growth characterized by very low densities and leapfrog development. Smart growth advocates argue that growth is inevitable but sprawl is not . Components of Sprawl Jeff Speck, Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk, Andres Duany, 2000, Suburban Nation: The Rise of Sprawl & the Decline of the American Dream . North Point Press. March 2000 Speck, Plater-Zybeck, and Duany identified what they regard as the five basic components or characteristics of a community experiencing sprawl: 1. Housing subdivisions , also called clusters and pods . These places consist only of residences. They are sometimes called villages , towns , and neighborhoods by their developers, which is misleading, since those terms denote places which are not exclusively residential and which provide an experiential richness not available in a housing tract. Subdivisions can be identified as such by their contrived names, which tend toward the romantic -Pheasant Mill Crossing- and often pay tribute to the natural or historic resource they have displaced. 2. Shopping centers , also called strip centers , shopping malls , and big-box retail . These are places exclusively for shopping. They come in every size, from the Quick Mart on the corner to the Mall of America, but they are all places to which one is unlikely to walk. The conventional shopping center can be easily distinguished from its traditional main- street counterpart by its lack of housing or offices, its single-story height, and its parking lot between the building and the roadway. 3. Office parks and business parks . These are places only for work. Derived from the modernist architectural vision of the building standing free in the park, the contemporary office park is usually made of boxes in parking lots. Still imagined as a pastoral workplace isolated in nature, it has kept its idealistic name and also its quality of 1 This discussion of Smart Growth is based on Karen A. Danielsen, R.E. Lang, & Wm. Fulton. 1999. “Retracting Suburbia: Smart Growth and the Future of Housing“, Housing Policy Debate , Fannie Mae Foundation, Washington, DC, 10(3):513—540.
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Smart Growth 2008 Page 2 isolation, but in practice it is more likely to be surrounded by highways than by countryside. 4.
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SmartGrowth - Smart Growth 2008 Page 1 Smart Growth1...

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