AChap01-Causation - Theories of Accident Causation...

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Theories of Accident Causation
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OSHA Recordable and DART Rates Construction Industry Safety Record
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1 10.4 297 Lost Time Recordables First Aid Near Misses?? At Risk Behaviors??
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A DISPROPORTIONATE NUMBER A DISPROPORTIONATE NUMBER OF ACCIDENTS OCCUR IN OF ACCIDENTS OCCUR IN CONSTRUCTION CONSTRUCTION Nearly 6.6% of the industrial workforce is in construction. But, over 20% of the fatalities occur in construction (~1,200 fatalities per year) And, over 12% of the disabling injuries occur in construction (over 500,000 injuries in 2000) Do these statistics have anything to do with firms serious about safety ?
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What Is An Accident? Unplanned event Generally associated with negative consequences Fatalities Injuries Near misses Damaged materials Shattered nerves Do accidents just happen or are they caused?
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Theories of Accident Causation Understanding the causes of accidents may lead to an effective means of their prevention. No worker wants to be injured, but it still happens thousands of times every working day. Why??
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1: Accident Proneness Theory
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Accident-Proneness Theory Injuries happen to people who have a genetic predisposition to being injured” The theory states that there are inherent characteristics of some individuals that predispose them to a greater probability of being involved in accidents . Old View
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Accident-Proneness Theory A very controversial theory Many research studies have been conducted which lend support for the theory (Studies show injuries are not randomly distributed, but do studies recognize differences in hazard exposure?) Other studies have shown that there is no basis for the theory
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Accident-Proneness Theory Recent researchers view accident proneness as being associated with the propensity of individuals to take risks or to take chances.
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AChap01-Causation - Theories of Accident Causation...

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