BCN1102-Safety-Intro-2010

BCN1102-Safety-Intro-2010 - Safety in the Safety in the...

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Unformatted text preview: Safety in the Safety in the Construction Industry by Jimmie Hinze University of Florida What are the Aspirations of What are the Aspirations of Students Pursuing Degrees in Construction? Most envision careers in commercial or residential construction Most have a goal of being a project manager; a few want to be job superintendents Almost none consider safety.. The General Focus is on The General Focus is on Getting Projects Completed Within Budget On Schedule With the Requisite Quality Make a Profit and Satisfy the Client But the Project Must also be Safe.. We enjoy seeing things built! We enjoy seeing things built! Safety Was Simple in the 19th Safety Was Simple in the 19 Century Employers were held responsible for the injuries of their employees (this is still the case in some countries) But there was a problem for injured workers The Courts Provided The Courts Provided Several Common Law Defenses to Employers Employers were not liable for the injuries of their employees if: There was an assumption of risk 2. Contributory negligence 3. Fellow servant (worker) doctrine applied 1. 1. The Common Law Defenses became Moot in the U.S. in the 20th Century Passage of Workers’ Compensation Passage of Workers’ Compensation Laws in all states (between 1911 {Wisconsin} and 1948 {Mississippi}) Unfortunately this is Unfortunately this is still a time when safety was not deemed very important Fatalities were Assumed to be Fatalities were Assumed to be a Cost of Doing Business 1 Fatality for every 1000 feet of tunnel 1 Fatality for every story of a high­rise 1 Fatality for every mile of highway 1 Fatality for every $1,000,000 of work Times have Changed Times have Changed Safety Plays a Huge Role in the Safety Plays a Huge Role in the Construction Process? Safety is Important A Serious Jobsite Accident can Ruin a Company (Financially and its Reputation).. $$$$$$$$$$ Is Safety more Important in Is Safety more Important in Construction than other Businesses? Safety is Important in all Businesses, but it is More Important in the Construction Industry than in most other Industries Consider the Following Statistics: More Workers Die in the More Workers Die in the Construction Industry than in any other Industry Over 1,000 Construction Worker deaths per year.. Consider These Construction Consider These Construction Workers Going to Work: Every working day, an average of 4 construction workers leave their homes with all kinds of plans for the future. But these 4 workers will not return home because they will die at work today. About 7 or 8% of all industrial About 7 or 8% of all industrial workers are employed in construction? Yet, over 20% of the industrial fatalities occur in construction.. What Causes Construction What Causes Construction Worker Fatalities? Falls Account for 33% of the Falls Account for 33% of the Construction Worker Fatalities Struck By Accidents Account for Struck By Accidents Account for 22% of the Construction Worker Fatalities Caught In/Between Accidents Caught In/Between Accidents Account for 18% of the Construction Worker Fatalities Electrical Shock Accidents Electrical Shock Accidents Account for 17% of the Construction Worker Fatalities “Other” Accidents Account for 10% of the Construction Worker Fatalities Explosions Drowning Drowning Fires Fires The Construction Record The Construction Record regarding Injuries is not much better Each year, over 400,000 construction workers are injured with sufficient severity that they must be treated by a physician. There are 12,000,000 first aid injuries per year These numbers represent about 15% of all industrial injuries.. + + Lacerations 13% Soft Tissue Injuries 6% Spine 17% Eyes 11% Head/Neck 2% Shoulder/Humerus 5% Fractures 4% Other 4% Forearms/Hands 22% Skin 4% Distribution of Injuries Knees 6% Feet/Ankles 6% How is Safety Performance Measured? Most Common Measure: – Number of Injuries per 100 Employees.. Construction Industry RIR Trends Construction Stea dy Im prov eme nt The Current Injury Rate is 4.3 The Current Injury Rate is 4.3 It is probably actually much higher Is that acceptable? Absolutely Not What are the Costs of Injuries? What are the Costs of Injuries? Human Suffering Costs of Treatment and Recovery Costs of Disability Costs of Liability Suits (Won or Lost) Lost Productivity Reduced Morale Among the Workers Impact on Families.. Who Cares about Safety? Who Cares about Safety? Workers Contractors or Employers Project Owners (Liability and Bad Press).. Are Injuries Avoidable? Are Injuries Avoidable? Despite the national construction average of 4.3 injuries per 100 full­time employees, construction companies that are aggressive about safety report injury rates as low as 0.5 to 1.0 Some projects are completed without sustaining any worker injuries.. Is the Goal of Zero Injuries a Is the Goal of Zero Injuries a Realistic One? Zero Accidents How Can Some Companies have How Can Some Companies have such Phenomenally Good Safety Records? Are they just lucky? Are they doing something differently?. Contractors with World­Class Contractors with World­Class Safety Records Live and Breathe Safety Safety is not just a priority but a Core Company Value Safety is part of everything the Company does.. What can a Company do to Improve What can a Company do to Improve its Safety Performance? Conduct Safety Meetings Orientation of New Workers Jobsite Safety Inspections Worker Recognition Programs Site Specific Safety Programs Worker Training Staffing for Safety Incident Investigations.. Additional Programs Additional Programs Pre­task Planning Meetings Require the wearing of PPE (hard hats, safety glasses, hearing protection, safety shoes, etc.) Zero tolerance for safety violations Subcontractor Management program to encourage safe worker behavior Drug Testing.. Who Implements these Programs for Who Implements these Programs for the General Contractor? A Key Person might be a full­time safety manager on the project site, with the support of other personnel Project Manager and Job Superintendent must endorse and enforce the program.. Safety Begins with Putting Safety Begins with Putting People First This is true of the decisions made by Project Managers This is true of the decisions made by Job Superintendents.. If you plan to have a career in If you plan to have a career in the construction industry, if you want to be successful, you will also focus on being safe! Think Safety Think Safety Work Safely ...
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This note was uploaded on 08/27/2011 for the course BCN 4735 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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