Chap09-Incentives(rev)

Chap09-Incentives(rev) - CHAPTER 9 CHAPTER SAFETY SAFETY...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 9 CHAPTER SAFETY SAFETY INCENTIVES INCENTIVES SAFETY INCENTIVES SAFETY The backbone of some safety programs The some y Lacking in others y EFFECTIVENESS OF INCENTIVES IN REDUCING INJURIES IS NOT CONFIRMED NOT y Safety programs have been known to Safety be successful without incentives be Is there a formal safety Is there a formal safety incentive program? 5 4.5 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 RIR Large Jobs- Large JobsLarge Yes No Firms-Yes Large Firms-No Differences are not statistically significant!! AN EFFECTIVE INCENTIVE INCENTIVE Reinforces good or safe behavior y Alters poor or unsafe behavior y TEST OF AN INCENTIVE INCENTIVE Do workers work differently because of Do the incentives? the y Incentives must generate interest y WHO IS TO BE MOTIVATED BY THE INCENTIVES? INCENTIVES? Workers y Crew members y Supervisors y Project Managers y Safety Personnel y HOW OFTEN SHOULD REWARDS BE GIVEN? REWARDS Cannot seem too remote (one year Cannot frequency) frequency) y Weekly or Biweekly may be appropriate Weekly ( especially for crews) especially y How often are individual How often are individual worker safety awards given? 7 6 5 4 RIR-Large Jobs RIR-Large Firms 3 2 1 0 Weekly Monthly Quarterly TYPE OF WORK TO BE REWARDED REWARDED # of lost time injuries? (rare events) y # of first aid injuries? (can be frequent of events)-watch for non-reporting events)-watch y # near misses noted? (will be noticed if near recorded) Using near misses is not advisable!!! advisable!!! y Safe Work Behavior y 6 Are incentives based on the Are incentives based on the incidence of injuries or safe behavior? 5 4 Large Firms-RIR Large Jobs-RIR 3 2 1 0 Incidence of Injuries Safe Behavior Are incentives based on Are incentives based on injury or both behavior and injury? 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 RIR 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 Incidence Rates Both VALUE OF INCENTIVES VALUE Progressive (accrues in value with Progressive growth) growth) y Must capture the imagination of the Must workers workers y Are Incentives Based on keeping Are Incentives Based on keeping the I.R. below a prescribed level? 3.5 3 2.5 2 I.R. 1.5 1 0.5 0 Yes No Large Projects Is safety performance a criterion Is safety performance a criterion for giving raises to workers? 7 6 5 4 RIR 3 2 1 0 Yes No DURATION OF INCENTIVES INCENTIVES Longer life for progressive incentives y Gimmicks have a short (6 months) life y CHANGES ARE NEEDED IN INCENTIVES IN Maintain interest level y Six months may be the life of some Six incentives incentives y UNSAFE BEHAVIOR UNSAFE Cannot be tolerated y Negative reinforcement (dismissal for Negative flagrantly unsafe worker behavior) flagrantly y INCENTIVES FOR FOREMEN FOREMEN Greater value than for workers y Not too much! y Focus on recognition y INCENTIVES FOR SUPERINTENDENTS SUPERINTENDENTS Significant value y Based on a longer time frame y Need not be changed frequently y Superintendent Incentives May be based on lost time injuries instead of medical case injuries (but this not advised) y Safeguards may have to be in place to avoid abuses y y Do others (not just workers) qualify for safety incentives? y Are field supervisors evaluated on safety performance? Project Safety Incentives Incentives for contractors y Allocation of costs for injuries is common y The Case of Mr. Travis President frequently on the projects y Historically, his focus was on profits and production y Bonuses based on production/profit y EMR rose to 1.43 y Changes by Mr. Travis Focus changed to safety y Bonuses were changed to consider safety as a significant factor y Impact of Mr. Travis Safety performance improved dramatically y In time, EMR dropped to .45 y ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online