Chap09-Incentives(rev) - CHAPTER 9 CHAPTER SAFETY SAFETY...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 9 CHAPTER SAFETY SAFETY INCENTIVES INCENTIVES SAFETY INCENTIVES SAFETY The backbone of some safety programs The some y Lacking in others y EFFECTIVENESS OF INCENTIVES IN REDUCING INJURIES IS NOT CONFIRMED NOT y Safety programs have been known to Safety be successful without incentives be Is there a formal safety Is there a formal safety incentive program? 5 4.5 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 RIR Large Jobs- Large JobsLarge Yes No Firms-Yes Large Firms-No Differences are not statistically significant!! AN EFFECTIVE INCENTIVE INCENTIVE Reinforces good or safe behavior y Alters poor or unsafe behavior y TEST OF AN INCENTIVE INCENTIVE Do workers work differently because of Do the incentives? the y Incentives must generate interest y WHO IS TO BE MOTIVATED BY THE INCENTIVES? INCENTIVES? Workers y Crew members y Supervisors y Project Managers y Safety Personnel y HOW OFTEN SHOULD REWARDS BE GIVEN? REWARDS Cannot seem too remote (one year Cannot frequency) frequency) y Weekly or Biweekly may be appropriate Weekly ( especially for crews) especially y How often are individual How often are individual worker safety awards given? 7 6 5 4 RIR-Large Jobs RIR-Large Firms 3 2 1 0 Weekly Monthly Quarterly TYPE OF WORK TO BE REWARDED REWARDED # of lost time injuries? (rare events) y # of first aid injuries? (can be frequent of events)-watch for non-reporting events)-watch y # near misses noted? (will be noticed if near recorded) Using near misses is not advisable!!! advisable!!! y Safe Work Behavior y 6 Are incentives based on the Are incentives based on the incidence of injuries or safe behavior? 5 4 Large Firms-RIR Large Jobs-RIR 3 2 1 0 Incidence of Injuries Safe Behavior Are incentives based on Are incentives based on injury or both behavior and injury? 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 RIR 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 Incidence Rates Both VALUE OF INCENTIVES VALUE Progressive (accrues in value with Progressive growth) growth) y Must capture the imagination of the Must workers workers y Are Incentives Based on keeping Are Incentives Based on keeping the I.R. below a prescribed level? 3.5 3 2.5 2 I.R. 1.5 1 0.5 0 Yes No Large Projects Is safety performance a criterion Is safety performance a criterion for giving raises to workers? 7 6 5 4 RIR 3 2 1 0 Yes No DURATION OF INCENTIVES INCENTIVES Longer life for progressive incentives y Gimmicks have a short (6 months) life y CHANGES ARE NEEDED IN INCENTIVES IN Maintain interest level y Six months may be the life of some Six incentives incentives y UNSAFE BEHAVIOR UNSAFE Cannot be tolerated y Negative reinforcement (dismissal for Negative flagrantly unsafe worker behavior) flagrantly y INCENTIVES FOR FOREMEN FOREMEN Greater value than for workers y Not too much! y Focus on recognition y INCENTIVES FOR SUPERINTENDENTS SUPERINTENDENTS Significant value y Based on a longer time frame y Need not be changed frequently y Superintendent Incentives May be based on lost time injuries instead of medical case injuries (but this not advised) y Safeguards may have to be in place to avoid abuses y y Do others (not just workers) qualify for safety incentives? y Are field supervisors evaluated on safety performance? Project Safety Incentives Incentives for contractors y Allocation of costs for injuries is common y The Case of Mr. Travis President frequently on the projects y Historically, his focus was on profits and production y Bonuses based on production/profit y EMR rose to 1.43 y Changes by Mr. Travis Focus changed to safety y Bonuses were changed to consider safety as a significant factor y Impact of Mr. Travis Safety performance improved dramatically y In time, EMR dropped to .45 y ...
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