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Y38-snakes-3 - Dangers of Snakes in Construction...

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Unformatted text preview: Dangers of Snakes in Construction Construction By: Sara Manansala Introduction Introduction 2 Types of Bites in U.S. Hemotoxic Venom: attacking tissue and Hemotoxic blood Neurotoxic Venom: damaging or Neurotoxic destroying nerve tissue destroying 2 Important Aspects of Snakebite Important Treatment Treatment First aid Timely Treatment Timely Construction SitesSnake Habitat Snake Ideal High Grasses Trash Piles Sitting Lumber Piles Sitting Old Equipment Sites Near Recently Cleared Woodlands Statistics Statistics Each year nearly 8,000 people receive Each poisonous snake bites in the U.S. poisonous Rattlesnakes (hemotoxic) cause most Rattlesnakes snakebites and related fatalities . snakebites Incidents Incidents Last 10 Years 3 Reported Incidents 1 in Construction Industry June 15, 1998 While clearing debris on a 2-story residential While project, a worker was bit by a rattlesnake and hospitalized for 2 days. hospitalized OSHA Regulations OSHA General Duty Clause- SEC. 5. Duties (1) Each employer shall furnish to each of (1) his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees; OSHA Regulations OSHA 1926.21(b)(4) In job site areas where harmful plants or In animals are present, employees who may be animals exposed shall be instructed regarding the potential hazards, and how to avoid injury, and the first aid procedures to be used in the event of injury. event OSHA Procedures for Snakes OSHA Watch where you place your hands and Watch feet when removing debris. If possible, don’t place your fingers under If debris you are moving. Wear heavy gloves. Wear Wear boots at least 10 inches high. Wear A snake’s striking distance is about 1/2 snake’s the total length of the snake. the Proper Procedure- If you come across a snake… across Assume all snakes are poisonous. Avoid sudden movements (may cause Avoid snake to strike). snake Remain still and wait for snake to leave. Slowly back away. Call animal services to remove the Call snake. snake. OSHA ProceduresBitten… Bitten… Note the color and Note shape of the snake’s head to help with treatment. Seek medical Seek attention ASAP. If OSHA ProceduresBitten… Bitten… If Keep bite victims still and calm to slow Keep the spread of venom. Lay the person down so that the bite is Lay below the level of the heart. Cover the bite with a clean, dry dressing. Cover Things NOT to DO if Incident Occurs… Occurs… Do not cut the wound or attempt to suck Do out the venom. out Do not apply ice. Other Preventative Procedures- A Clean Jobsite Clean Keep grass cut short wherever possible Keep Don’t allow piles to sit for long periods of Don’t time time Order materials when needed, not Order unnecessary periods of time before they will be used. be For Further InformationFor Visit these sites... University of Maryland Medical CenterUniversity http://www.umm.edu/non_trauma/snake.htm http://www.umm.edu/non_trauma/snake.htm Survive OutdoorsSurvive http://www.surviveoutdoors.com/reference/snakes http://www.surviveoutdoors.com/reference/snakes OSHA Websitewww.osha.gov/Publications/rodents_snakes_i www. nsects.html nsects.html ...
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