ZZ-2010RT269-RS-Draft05

ZZ-2010RT269-RS-Draft05 - Real-time Pro-Active Safety in...

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Unformatted text preview: Real-time Pro-Active Safety in Construction (Draft Version) Research Summary 269-1 Real-time Pro-Active Safety in Construction (Draft Version) Prepared by Construction Industry Institute Real-time Pro-Active Safety in Construction Research Team Research Summary 269-1 April 27, 2010 2 Contents Chapter Page Executive Summary v 1. Introduction 7 2. How Technology Impacts Construction Safety 12 3. Real-time Pro-Active Safety Technology Field Trials 24 4. Worker Feedback and Investment in Safety 34 5. Conclusions and Recommendations 40 3 Executive Summary The In the past 17 ten years had over 1,100 nearly 1200 construction fatalities workers have died each per year. That equates to approximately five construction worker deaths e E very working day 5 workers die in the US alone . Of these fatalities, 25% of all construction fatalities involved heavy equipment. , most being categorized as The majority of these are related to struck-by incidents. As these statistics indicate, safety in construction remains a big problem. Despite improved the implementation of better safety practices, significant further improvements can be gained in construction safety if through the use of technology can be applied . The primary objective of this research was to examine evaluate the performance of devices that warn construction personnel of the presence of potential hazards in real-time. A secondary objective was to use remote sensing technology that records accurate location, proximity, and trajectory data of construction resources (workers, equipment, and materials) in real-time. The intent of the research was to evaluate existing technology through experimental field studies. These field tests could reveal provide insights about how well the technology can be applied to construction operations and would include an assessment of the receptiveness of workers to the use of the technology. The research scope was limited to vehicle equipment-pedestrian interactions on construction sites that are typically controlled by behavioral management 4 strategies such as education and training, and by managing site traffic flow. The effectiveness of these hazard controls is threatened by the fallibility of the human operators , by visibility constraints imposed by vehicles, by the presence of various other distractions, and by a lack of timely and comprehensive data on incidents to inform workers and site management. Personal protective equipment (PPE) for workers, while designed to minimize the harm that occurs when a person is exposed to a hazard, would be is generally inadequate in the event of a collision with moving vehicles, equipment. PPE in such instances (especially safety vests) is intended to help prevent the accident, not just help the worker survive it. If the location of workers was monitored and alarms would alert workers and operators when distances from from the proximity of equipment threatened worker safety, worker safety would be improved. This would be a valuable supplement to existing control strategies. valuable supplement to existing control strategies....
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ZZ-2010RT269-RS-Draft05 - Real-time Pro-Active Safety in...

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