ICLEILocalGovtDialogPaper2001

ICLEILocalGovtDialogPaper2001 - Accelerating Sustainable...

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Local Action Moves the World PART 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background In preparation for the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) is facilitating the worldwide review of local government progress in implementing Agenda 21 and other Rio protocols. This is being undertaken with the support and endorsement of the International Union of Local Authorities (IULA), Fédération mondiale des cités unies (FMCU), Organization of Islamic Capitals and Cities (OICC), Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR), and other local government associations. This preparatory process has included: extensive regional and, where appropriate, subregional consultations with local government leaders and technical experts (September 2000 to December 2001); a worldwide Local Agenda 21 (LA21) survey of local authorities and their associations evaluating the extent of the implementation of LA21 plans; and an International Think Tank Meeting held in June 2001, in Stavanger, Norway, which brought together regional and global experts. 1 The key finding of the review process is that significant movement toward sustainability has occurred at the local level. Local governments have demonstrated their commitment to achieving sustainable development through "Local Agenda 21," the role assigned to them in Chapter 28 and reaffirmed by the 1996 Habitat II Conference and the 1997 "Rio+5" Special Session of the UN General Assembly. Advances in sustainability have been made through good governance and changes in the daily functions of local government in natural resource management, urban development, waste management, public health promotion, social services, and educational activities. Local governments have developed partnerships with Major Groups and other governments to accelerate sustainability and support programs and policies facilitating the implementation of the Conventions on Climate Change, Biodiversity, and Desertification, and other UN strategies. Local governments can make a substantial contribution to national sustainability strategies. As such, national governments are asked to consult actively with their local government counterparts in preparation for the WSSD, incorporate local initiatives into national reports, and include local government representatives on national delegations to the Summit. 1.2 The Role of Local Government in Realizing Sustainable Development Over the past ten years, local governments have built on their inherent strengths to become champions and facilitators of sustainable development. This success is due to their position as the sphere of government closest to the people and best able to enhance both efficiency and democratic accountability. Local governments have developed participatory, multistakeholder strategies to implement sustainable development. They have promoted good local governance involving the recognition of: 1
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This note was uploaded on 08/27/2011 for the course BCN 6585 taught by Professor Kibert during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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ICLEILocalGovtDialogPaper2001 - Accelerating Sustainable...

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