Indicators Paper by Guy and Kibert

Indicators Paper by Guy and Kibert -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Buildings and the Environment (Vol 2) ,  Paris,  France, 6-10 June 1997, 549-556.  Also published in the  Building Research and Information Journal Developing Indicators of Sustainability: U.S. Experience G. Bradley Guy and Charles J. Kibert, Center for Construction and Environment, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida USA Key Words: Indicators, sustainability, sustainable construction Abstract Sustainability indicators integrate environmental, social, and economic factors such that the complex cause and effect relationships between these multiple factors can be more readily investigated. The whole systems approach of sustainable development differs from traditional environmentalism by its inclusion of economic and social factors. The selection of sustainability indicators will therefore inevitably be a human value-driven process. Environmental health will nonetheless be paramount. Empirical studies in the USA have found that states with lower pollution levels and more environmental regulation have healthier economies and fewer disparities in income between economic classes (Templet 1995). In construction, indicators of sustainable construction are a necessary parallel to the macro-national and regional scale indicators measuring society’s movement toward or away from some approximation to sustainable development. Background Indicators do not exist apart from their purpose and method of measurement (MacDonald 1996). Examples of sustainable development indicators are: sustainable community, quality of life, healthy community, human development, urban environment . Sustainable community indicators attempt to create the most balanced approach to environment, economics, and social factors, whereas quality of life and healthy community indicators focus more on human health and socio-economic factors. Development processes and measurement include brainstorming, focus groups, expert opinion, and both quantifiable and perceptual measurements including surveys. Some of the definitions of indicators are: “…bits of information that highlight what is happening in the large system. They are small windows that provide a glimpse of the “big picture.” (AtKisson 1995) “…bellweather tests of sustainability and reflect something basic and fundamental to the health of a community over generations.” (AtKisson 1995) “…proxies that suggest impacts on underlying features of concern. The proxies are more observable and measurable than those features of concern, but should act as indirect indices of change in those features.” (Nugent 1996) Agenda 21 In June 1992, at the United Nations Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, 179 countries adopted a consensus agreement which called for global sustainable development. Sustainable development for local regions has been defined as “…development that delivers basic
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 8

Indicators Paper by Guy and Kibert -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online