Lecture5aEnvironmentalLabeling

Lecture5aEnvironmentalLabeling - Environmental Labeling...

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Environmental Labeling Systems Lecture 5a Charles J. Kibert Center for Construction and Environment University of Florida Gainesville, Florida 32611-5703 USA
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Overview Definition and Goals: Environmental Label Ecological Aspects and Criteria Environmental Labeling Programs Multinational Programs ISO/TC 207 Environmental Management European Union Eco-Label Nordic Environmental Labeling System Some National Initiatives Commonalties and Differences Summary and Conclusions
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Definition: Environmental Label Any label describing or identifying environment- related characteristics of products or services Also referred to as “green label” or “ecolabel” Goals: Mark products or services as environmentally preferable to their counterparts so consumers can make decisions based on the product’s or service’s environmental impact. Provide market advantage to environmentally sound goods and services Assure consumers products have met strict criteria set by an independent organization
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Types of Ecolabels Seals of Approval: awarded by a neutral or independent organization after certain requirements have been met. Identify products or services less harmful to the environment than similar ones without the seal. Information Labels: provided by manufacturer or a commissioned party, list individual characteristics without giving an overall approval of the product as environmentally benign or preferable. Include disclosure labels, such as report cards and hazard/warning labels, and report cards
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Environmental Label Programs Country/Country Group Environmental Label Start Date Germany Blue Angel (Blauer Engel) 1977 Canada Environmental Choice 1988 Nordic Countries Nordic Swan 1989 Japan Eco Mark 1989 Sweden Good Environmental Choice 1990 USA Green Seal 1990 USA Scientific Certification Systems 1990 New Zealand Environmental Choice 1990 France NF Environment 1991 Austria Environmental Label 1991 India Ecomark 1991 Australia Environmental Choice Australia 1991 European Union EU Eco-Label 1992 The Netherlands Stichting Milieukeur (Ecolabel) 1992 Singapore Green Labeling Scheme 1992 Korea Eco-Mark 1992 USA EPA Energy Star 1992 Spain Aenor Medioambiental 1993 Croatia Environmental Label 1993 The Czech Republic Eco-Label 1994 Lithuania Eco-Label 1995 China Environmental Label 1995
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TCO Development
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Ecological aspects: the areas in which a product influences the environment resource consumption; use of hazardous substances, emissions into air, water, soil; energy efficiency; generation of noise; waste relevance; economic efficiency Ecological criteria: requirements a product must fulfill and the means to judge the ecological impact of the product within the corresponding environmental areas. Demonstrates “environmental friendliness” of the product. Based on product life cycle analysis (PLCA).
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This note was uploaded on 08/27/2011 for the course BCN 6585 taught by Professor Kibert during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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Lecture5aEnvironmentalLabeling - Environmental Labeling...

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