Lecture11Planning - Lecture 11 Planning Overview • The...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 11 Planning Overview • The Problems – Sprawl – Predominance of the automobile – Lack of community – Destruction of ecosystems, green spaces • Techniques – Considering energy in Planning – New Urbanism (NU) – Duany & Plater-Zyberk – Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) - Calthorpe – Best Planning Practices for Florida - Ewing – Conservation Subdivision Design – Arendt – Smart Growth – Other • Infill development • Downtown Redevelopment Sustainability and Energy Policy • Land use • Transportation • Housing and building • Economic development • Open space and recreation • Infrastructure • Resource conservation Reduce dependence upon fossil fuels , extracted underground metals, and minerals, in the areas of: Land-Use Actions • Compact development • Mixed uses • Pedestrian-friendly development • Transit-oriented development • Live-work development • Home-based occupations and work • Local food production and agriculture Transportation Actions • Reduce vehicle trips • Use alternative modes of transportation • Development and use of alternative fuel vehicles • Provide affordable, efficient transportation alternatives Transportation Actions • Street design that: – Encourages pedestrian and bike use and discourages high speed traffic – Supports/enhances neighborhood connection to other neighborhoods and commercial developments Housing and Building Actions • Solar-orientation • Regenerative energy for heating and cooling • Housing near employment centers • Building materials with low “embodied energy” • Housing that shares resources and living spaces (cohousing) Economic Development Actions • Reduce employee and product transport vehicle trips ( Transportation ) • Use regenerative energy alternatives ( Housing and Building ) • Are locally based or have home- based work opportunities ( Land Use ) Open Space/Recreation Actions • Provide facilities within walking and biking distance • Use local materials and native plants in construction • Design to reduce dependence on landscaping and maintenance resources • Preserve green spaces in urban areas for cooling benefits Infrastructure Actions • Promote facilities that use renewable energy sources • Support design approaches that focus on pollution prevention, re- use, and recycling • Direct development to areas with existing transportation systems Resource Conservation Actions • Minimize energy use • Encourage develop- ment of renewable energy sources ( Infrastructure ) • Promote recycling of waste materials • Develop community gardens ( Land Use ) New Urbanism • Also referred to as Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND) • Center of each neighborhood should be defined by a public space and activated by locally-oriented civic and commercial activities • Each neighborhood should accommodate a wide range of household types and land uses • Cars should be kept in perspective • Architecture should respond to the surrounding fabric of buildings and to local traditions Seaside, Florida Transit-Oriented Development...
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Lecture11Planning - Lecture 11 Planning Overview • The...

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