2 - TensionMembers Structuralmembersthataresubjectedto

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  BCN 3431 - Steel Design 1 Tension Members Structural members that are subjected to  axial tensile force (truss members, cables in  suspension bridges, bracing for buildings,…). Any cross-sectional configuration may be  used, since the only determinant of strength  is the cross-sectional area.  Circular rods and rolled angle shapes are  commonly used.
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  BCN 3431 - Steel Design 2 Gross and Net Areas The usual practice is to drill or punch  standard holes with a diameter 1/16 in. larger  than the fastener diameter.  To account for possible roughness around the  edges of the hole, AISC requires the addition  of 1/16 in. to the actual hole diameter.  Thus, the effective hole diameter is 1/8 in.  larger than the fastener diameter.
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  BCN 3431 - Steel Design 3 Example A = 5 x ½ = 2.5 in 2 A = (5-2 x ¾) x ½ = 1.75 in 2
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  BCN 3431 - Steel Design 4 Design Strength A tension member can fail by reaching one of  the two limiting states: yielding or fracture. To prevent yielding and accompanying 
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2 - TensionMembers Structuralmembersthataresubjectedto

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