{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

(B) Architecture in Pre-History

(B) Architecture in Pre-History - Large stone construction...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 1701 Architectural History for Non-Majors Summer Term  (B) Architecture in Pre-History (01) Paleolithic Period: "Old Stone Age" Man as hunter-gatherer - Lascaux Cave Paintings, SE France (c. 10,000 BCE ) - Place of meaning and ritual = architecture (02) Neolithic Period: "New Stone Age" Man in agrarian society - Development of family clusters and later urban settlements - Stable food supply allows settlement vs nomadic lifestyle - Cooperation and specialization necessary for urban growth - Religious systems evolved to deal with nature (03) Early cities evolve in Eastern Mediterranean area - Jericho, present day Palestine (c. 8000 BCE ) - Catal Huyuk, Anatolia, present day Turkey (6500-5700 BCE ) - Organic urban form without clear hierarchy - No organized street system (04) Megalith Structures in Western Europe (Neolithic Cultures)
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: - Large stone construction technology- "Cyclopean" masonry dry laid without mortar- Dolman: tomb or chamber covered by a large roof rock- Menhir: single stone monument or group of stones in a circle- Barrow: shaped earth mound often covering a stone Dolman- Use of stone beam or lintel, and crude corbelled vaulting (05) Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, S. England (c. 3000 - 1500 BCE )- Twenty ton stones moved 300 miles from quarry in Wales- Theories suggest neolithic computer or clock to "read" or predict astronomical events or seasons- Use for seasonal predictability suggests stable agricultural base, elite priesthood to interpret, and enough central authority to coordinate complex construction process O Timber Construction in Neolithic Cultures- Wood Bearing Walls & Wood Frame (Post & Beam)- Wattle and daub construction...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online