(C) Ancient Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent

(C) Ancient Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent -...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 1701 Architectural History for Non-Majors Summer Term  (C) Early Civilizations in the Near East: Mesopotamia (01) Mesopotamia: ( Between the Rivers ) “The Fertile Crescent” - Tigris & Euphrates river valleys: fertile but seasonally unpredictable - Major irrigation and river channelization projects - Crossroad between Asia and the Mediterranean = instability and migrations - Building Technology: limited stone/wood = reeds, mud brick & "burnt" brick - Massive walls and limited use of columns - introduction of "tunnel vault" (02) Sumerian Culture: city states w/ priest-king (c. 4000-2350 BCE ) - First writing appears: "cuneiform" (c. 3500 BCE ) on clay tablets - Uruk (modern Warka): White Temple (c. 3500-3000 BCE ) (03) Akkadian/ First Babylonian Period (2350-1600 BCE ) - Warrior King: Hammurabi: first written code of laws - Ur: Ziggurat of Ur Namu (c. 2100 BCE ) (04) Hittite Domination (1750-1200 BCE ) advantage of chariots and use of iron - Hittite capitol at Hattusas, Turkey: giant “guardian figures” - Sun-dried brick and massive stone walls w/ corbelled vaults (05)
Image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern