(E) Ancient Minoan Culture on Crete

(E) Ancient Minoan Culture on Crete - Sophisticated...

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SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 1701 Architectural History for Non-Majors Summer Term  (E) MINOAN CIVILIZATION on CRETE (2000-1450 BCE) (01) Minoan Culture: (from Greek mythical "King Minos") - Island of Crete isolated by sea - without need for fortifications - Sea traders: "Mediterranean middlemen" for trade generated wealth - Influenced by Egyptian and Mesopotamian cultures through trade links - Buildings (courtyards) oriented to sacred land forms? - Ceremonial focus on sacred bull (bull baiting ceremonies) - Organic decoration drawn from nature with curvilinear forms - Influenced early Greek (Mycenaean) culture (02) Settlement Patterns - Stone Age settlements as early as 6000 BCE - Phoenecian migration c. 2000 BCE settled on Crete? - Organic form of settlement organized around public courtyard space - Masonry walls with wood "pillow" columns tapered to the base and wood roof structure - Spatial complexity: multi-story buildings, light wells, staircases, etc. may have made architecture appear labyrinth-like to other cultures
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Unformatted text preview: - Sophisticated building technology: plumbing, bathing & sanitary drains (03) Settlements at Gournia and Knossos - Gournia: organic form without formal planning or fortifications, paved roads- Palace at Knossos or "Palace of King Minos" (c. 1600 BCE )- Mixed use as royal residence, administrative center, warehouse storage, and ceremonial center- Complex “ labyrinth ” like spaces but zoned logically by functions (origin of the “labyrinth” of Greek mythology?)- Central courtyard focus of public events (04) Destruction in 1450 BCE probably due to volcanic eruption on the nearby Aegean Island of Thera (modern Santorini) which may have also been the genesis of the Atlantis legends in Greek literature/mythology (05) Key Concepts: - Isolation without threat = architecture not limited by defensive strategies- Culture connected to landscape and nature- Significant influence on Mycenaean culture in Greece...
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(E) Ancient Minoan Culture on Crete - Sophisticated...

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