(J) Islam - - House of the Prophet (Medina) (03) Mosque...

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SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 1701 Architectural History for Non-Majors Summer Term  (J) Islamic Architecture From Spain to China (all dates in CE) (01) History of Islam (followers Moslems) - Originated 610 CE Medina & Mecca, Arabia by Mohammed - United desert Bedouin Tribes and spread religion/political control - Supplanted the Byzantine and Sassanian Empires (mid-east) and spread across N. Africa and into Spain - Battle of Tours, (732) Charles Martel & Franks defeated Moslem army - Rival Caliphates in Bagdad, Cairo and Cordova ruled Moslem world - European contact through trade and Islamic universities (02) Early Shrines: influenced by early Christian buildings in Palestine - Kaaba (Mecca): from pre-Islamic Bedouin culture – most revered shrine - Dome of the Rock (Jerusalem)
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Unformatted text preview: - House of the Prophet (Medina) (03) Mosque Characteristics- Sahn : courtyard- Minaret : towers to "call the faithful"- Haram : prayer hall- Qibla : prayer wall & Mihrabs (niches) oriented to Mecca- Maqsura : domed or vaulted space for special persons- Combined prayer with secular functions: school, commercial (04) Regional Variations of Mosques- Columnar (hypostyle) Prayer Hall (Arabia, Africa & Spain): Cordoba, Spain- Domed prayer hall (Asia Minor or Anatolia modern Turkey )- Central court with "iwans" (Persia and Central Asia)- Courtyard with three domes (India)- Pavilions set in courtyards (China) (05) Palaces and Secular Building- Alhambra Palace, Granada, Spain: fortress/palace- Bazaar: covered commercial space...
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This note was uploaded on 08/28/2011 for the course ARC 1701 taught by Professor Cappellari during the Summer '08 term at University of Florida.

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