SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 1701 Architectural History for Non-Majors Summer Term The Dark Ages, Carolingian and Romanesque Architecture in Western Europe (01) The Dark Ages: The Decline of Classical Civilization in Western Europe- 5th Century : Barbarian migrations overrun Western Empire (476 CE )- Bishop of Rome (Pope): spiritual leader of church & secular leader of Rome- Death of Justinian (Emperor Eastern Empire) heralds "Dark Ages" (556 CE )- Collapse of urban systems, no money, roads or economy, local autonomy (02) Monasticism: Abbot Benedict at Monte Cassino = 1 st Monastic Rules- Monasteries provide only schools, libraries, hospitals, orphanages, literacy (03) Frankish Empire: Franks overrun Gaul (486 CE) , Clovis unites Frankish tribes- Charles Martel (chief minister) defeats Moslems at Tours (732 CE ), son Pepin establishes Carolingian Dynasty w/ Papal support = divine right of kings- Charlemagne ( Charles the Great) (768-814) forges new “European empire” and is crowned emperor of "Holy Roman Empire" (800
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.
This note was uploaded on 08/28/2011 for the course ARC 1701 taught by Professor Cappellari during the Summer '08 term at University of Florida.