(P) The 18th Century and The Enlightenment (The Age of Reason)

(P) The 18th Century and The Enlightenment (The Age of Reason)

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SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 1701 Architectural History for Non Majors Summer Term The 18 th Century and “The Enlightenment” (The Age of Reason) (01) Cultural and Political Context of the Early 18 th Century - Late Baroque = Rococo Period: florid details covering surfaces - Succesion of wars between European powers over colonies, territory, power - New social ideas (Rousseau Social Contract ) challenged divine right theory (02) The Enlightenment (Age of Reason) - Scientific achievements and "rational" cultural/social ideas - First accurate historical and architectural studies of past - Archaeology (Pompeii) and travel to ancient sites = new or “Neo-Classicism” (03) The Industrial Revolution (social,cultural & technical change) - Development of engineering as a profession = new understanding of building - New building types: Fireproof bridges, mills and industrial buildings - Coalbrookdale Bridge (1779) Abraham Darby & T. Pritchard (04) Architectural development: Neo-Classicism vs Romanticism
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This note was uploaded on 08/28/2011 for the course ARC 1701 taught by Professor Cappellari during the Summer '08 term at University of Florida.

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