(R2) 19th Century Eclecticism and the Search for an American Architecture

(R2) 19th Century Eclecticism and the Search for an American Architecture

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SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 1701 Architectural History for Non Majors Summer Term 19 th Century Eclecticism and the Search for an American Architecture (01) American Architecture 1800-1860 - Late Georgian and Federal Style/Adamesque - Neo-Classical: Jeffersonian (Roman) Classicism, Academic Classicism, & Greek Revival - Gothic Revival: Ecclesiological Movement, Gothic inspired Romanticism, & the Gothic Cottage (Davis and Downing) - Role of Newport as an “incubator” for American architecture (02) Richard Morris Hunt (1827-95) first American at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts - American “Stick Style”: Griswold House, Newport (1862-64) - Beaux-Arts Classicism (Academic Eclecticism): Chateau-sur-Mer, Marble House., The Breakers (03) Henry Hobson Richardson (1838-86): 2 nd American at Ecole des Beaux-Arts - Adapted Romanesque Revival to create Richardsonian Romanesque - Trinity Church, Copley Square, Boston (1872-77) most influential building in America in 1885 by vote of architects - Watts Sherman House, Newport (1874) introduces “Queen Anne Style”
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Unformatted text preview: - Sever Hall (1878) & Austin Hall (1880), Harvard campus, Cambridge, MA - Marshall Field Wholesale Store, Chicago (1885-87) - Ames family projects at North Easton, MA (04) McKim, Mead & White: first great partnership firm defined architect practice - The Shingle Style : Casino, Newport (1879-81) & Isaac Bell House (1881-83) - Adopted Beaux-Arts Classicism: Boston Public Library (1887-95) (05) Eclectic Movement in America - Frank Furness, Philadelphia: Pennsylvannia Academy of Fine Arts (1872-76) & University of Pennsylvannia Library - “Victorian” is not a style…it is an era (1837-1901) Queen Anne Style (Eastlake Style) Richardsonian Romanesque & Beaux-Arts Academic Classicism Italian Villa and Italianate Style Second Empire Style and Chateauesque Mission Style, Spanish Colonial & Spanish Pueblo Style Stick Style and Shingle Style Colonial Revival Style (06) Louis Sullivan: "Form follows function" & organic ornament- The Auditorium Bldg., Chicago & Wainright Bldg., St. Louis...
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