(S1) Roots of Modernism

(S1) Roots of Modernism - SCHOOLOFARCHITECTURE

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SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE ARC 1701 Architectural History for Non Majors Summer Term Roots of Modernism in Europe and America (01) New materials and technologies: steel, reinforced concrete, skeleton frame (02) Industrialization and the potential for mass production of products (03) Gothic Rationalism of Viollet-le-Duc (France): direct expression of structure (04) Arts & Crafts Movement: - Quality design of manufactured products (William Morris) - Medieval vernacular simplicity and unornamented natural materials (Voysey) (05) Art Nouveau or "Stile Floreale" or "Jugendstil": use of non-historic ornament - Victor Horta, Belgium: Horta House, Brussels - Hector Guimard, France: Paris Metro Stations - Antonio Gaudi, Barcelona: Church of the Sagrada Familia (1882-) Casa Mila (1905-07) and Parc Guell (1900-14) - Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Glasgow: Glasgow School of Art (1897-1909) (06) The Viennese Secession, Austria & Germany - Otto Wagner: Postal Savings Bank, Vienna (1904-12) - Josef Maria Olbrich:
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