Reading Resources Inferences

Reading Resources Inferences - Term: Inference Inferences...

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Term: Inference Inferences are evidence-based guesses. They are the conclusions a reader draws about the unsaid based on what is actually said. Inferences drawn while reading are much like inferences drawn in everyday life. If your best friend comes in from a blind date and looks utterly miserable, you would probably infer the date was not a success. Drawing inferences while you read requires exactly the same willingness to look at the evidence and come to a conclusion that has not been expressed in words. Only in reading, the evidence for your inference consists solely of words rather than actual events, expressions, or gestures. Reading Tips: 1. Make sure your inferences rely mainly on the author’s words rather than your own feelings or experience. Your goal is to read the author’s mind, not invent your own message. 2. Check to see if your inference is contradicted by any statements in the paragraph. If it is, it is not an appropriate or useful inference. 3. If the passage is a tough one, check to see if you can actually identify the statements that led you to your conclusion. This kind of close reading is a good comprehension check. It will also help you remember the material. Exercise 1 Directions: Each item in this exercise describes a famous person. It’s your job to infer the name of the person described. 1. A small-town lawyer from Illinois, tall and lanky with an Adam’s apple that could have gone down in the Guinness Book of Records had it existed in the nineteenth century. Nevertheless, he changed the face of American history, steering it through a civil war that left both sides bloody. Who knows what more he could have done had an assassin’s bullet not cut him down. The person described is _______________________________ In drawing the correct inference, which piece of information is more useful: a. He had a big Adam’s apple. b. He steered the nation through a civil war. Explain your answer: 2. Glittering and shaking to the strains of “Proud Mary,” this lady ruled the stage in the sixties, but Ike ruled the roost until she walked out the door. It took her almost a decade to get back on top but she still remains one of pop’s great divas. Closing in on sixty, she can still belt out rock and roll with singers half her age, and “Simply the Best” just may qualify as her own personal theme song.
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The person described is _____________________________ In drawing the appropriate inference, which piece of information is more useful. a. She ruled the stage but Ike ruled the roost.
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This note was uploaded on 08/29/2011 for the course ENGLISH RE Comp1 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '00 term at UNF.

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Reading Resources Inferences - Term: Inference Inferences...

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