POLS 1101 GUN LAW PAPER - Gun Control Laws 1 Should More Gun Control Laws Be Enacted Courtney Stubbs POLS 1101 Dr Lawrence Gun Control Laws 2

POLS 1101 GUN LAW PAPER - Gun Control Laws 1 Should...

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Gun Control Laws 1 Should More Gun Control Laws Be Enacted? Courtney Stubbs POLS 1101 03/18/2019 Dr. Lawrence
Gun Control Laws 2 Should More Gun Control Laws Be Established? Abstract Many debates about the Second Amendment have focused on whether it protects a right of individuals to keep and bear arms, or a right that can be exercised only through militia organizations like the National Guard. This question was not even raised until long after the Bill of Rights was adopted. Many in the Founding generation believed that governments are inclined to use soldiers to oppress the people. English history insisted that this risk could be controlled by allowing the government to raise armies only when needed to fight foreign adversaries. For other purposes, such as responding to sudden invasions or other emergencies, the government could rely on a militia that consisted of ordinary civilians who supplied their own weapons and received some part-time, unpaid military training. The 2 nd Amendment conceded nothing to the Anti-Federalists’ desire to sharply cut back the military power of the federal government, which would have required a great amount of changes in the original Constitution. Yet the Amendment was easily accepted because of widespread agreement that the federal government should not have the power to violate the right of the people to keep and bear arms, any more than it should have the power to limit the freedom of speech or prohibit the free exercise of religion. The law has also changed. While states in the Founding era regulated guns, blacks were often prohibited from possessing firearms and militia weapons were frequently registered on government rolls. Gun laws today are more extensive and controversial. The Second Amendment originally applied only to the federal government, leaving the states to regulate weapons as they saw fit. Although there is significant evidence that the Privileges or Immunities Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment was meant to protect the right of individuals to keep and bear arms from
Gun Control Laws 3 infringement by the states, the Supreme Court rejected this interpretation in United States v. Cruikshank 1876. Introduction Proponents of more gun control laws state that the Second Amendment was intended for militias; that gun violence would be reduced; that gun restrictions have always existed; and that a majority of Americans, including gun owners, support new gun restrictions. Opponents say that the Second Amendment protects an individual’s right to own guns; that guns are needed for self- defense from threats ranging from local criminals to foreign invaders; and that gun ownership deters crime rather than causes more crime. We lose more than 36,000 Americans to gun violence every year in this country. That’s an average of 99 gun deaths a day. These tragedies range from accidents and suicides to horrific mass shootings like the one at the Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Florida. No other democracy in the world experiences this level of gun violence. That’s because other free nations have tough gun laws to deal with this problem. It’s estimated that

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