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zoo opinion 7 - into the female’s cervix In vitro...

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Rachel Schwarz ZOO 161-AC Making Babies Infertility is a devastating problem for couples who wish to conceive a child. If conception of a child does not occur after one year, a couple will be considered infertile. Unfortunately, infertility occurs in an estimated 17% of American couples. Infertility can be attributed to sterility, hormonal imbalance, aging eggs, sluggish sperm, or Klinefelter syndrome. However, there is hope for couples trying to conceive. Assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs) are techniques to treat infertility. Several options exist including administering hormones, artificial insemination, and in vitro fertilization. Women who miscarry and women whose ovaries fail to release eggs properly can be given the hormone progesterone to enhance fertility. With artificial insemination, sperm from the male can be concentrated and then inserted
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Unformatted text preview: into the female’s cervix. In vitro fertilization entails uniting the egg and sperm in a laboratory glass dish. The pre-embryos are then inserted into the cervix in the hope of fertilization. All of these methods are costly, at between $8,000-12,000, and have success rates between 20-28%. New methods are being developed in reproductive research which involve uterine transplants and freezing eggs. The most controversy surrounds using the eggs and tissue from fetuses to be inserted into infertile women. Personally, I believe it is ethical to utilize the ovarian tissue from fetuses. It could provide scientific breakthroughs that would potentially eliminate infertility. Furthermore, such a breakthrough may lead to discoveries in fields separate from reproductive research....
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