Background Reinforcement : the process by which consequences make responding more likely • Punishment : the process by which consequences make responding less likely • Why Study Aversive Control Aversive control happens. • When we speak of aversive control we may focus our attention on the aversive stimuli arranged by others, but in fact, much of our behavior is under aversive control by the environment around us. • Close your eyes and run as fast as you can through this classroom and we will see punishment at work. How to Talk About It • The basic rules of "talking about reinforcement" apply to talking about punishment • A punisher is a stimulus. • Punishment is the decrease in behavior that we observe with contingent presentation of a punisher (or removal of a reinforcer) • We don't punish (or reinforce) people! • Always state the response explicitly (what was punished/reinforced?) Let's Talk about Reprimands • I tell parents all the time to stop reprimanding their kid's behavior
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.